Table 4

Results of linear regression models predicting stress and well-being variables from age, yoga practice variables, yoga practitioner status and meditation

Health and well-being outcomesStep 1 Age and gender adjusted R2 Step 2 Yoga variables ΔR2 Step 3 Yoga instructor Δ R2 Step 4 Meditation practice ΔR2 Final adjusted R2 Significant predictorsBSE BβtP value
Stress (PSS)0.047***0.037***0.013***00.092Age−0.0490.006−0.219−7.744<0.001
Days per week−0.1670.048−0.116−3.4860.001
Yoga teacher−0.7710.167−0.133−4.61<0.001
Well-being0.017***0.053***0.011***0.005***0.082Age0.0780.0180.1254.378<0.001
(WEMWBS)Days per week0.4580.1330.1163.4490.001
Yoga teacher1.7870.4660.1123.835<0.001
Life satisfaction0.024***0.037***0.007***0.004***0.068Age0.0160.0030.1314.568<0.001
(ONS)Hours in class0.0430.0180.0622.4080.016
Yoga teacher0.2710.0920.0872.9610.003
Meditation0.2060.0760.0692.7050.007
Life worthwhile0.024***0.049***0.013***0.006***0.092Sex−0.2920.123−0.058−2.3710.018
(ONS)Age0.0140.0040.1113.918<0.001
Hours at home0.0450.0160.092.7870.005
Hours in class0.0420.0180.0592.3370.02
Yoga teacher0.3870.0920.1234.205<0.001
Meditation0.2510.0770.0823.2770.001
Happiness0.029***0.036***0.0010.007***0.07Age0.020.0040.144.901<0.001
Yesterday (ONS)Hours at home0.0570.0180.1013.0830.002
Hours in class0.0490.0210.0612.3850.017
Meditation0.2940.0880.0853.3380.001
Anxiety0.014***0.007*0.004***00.023Age−0.020.006−0.102−3.4860.001
Yesterday (ONS)Yoga teacher−0.3990.15−0.08−2.6660.008
  • The predictor variables included in the model were: gender, age, number of days practising yoga per week, hours practising yoga at home, hours practising yoga in class, years practising yoga and meditation status. Sex was coded as female =0 and male =1, not yoga teacher = 0 and yoga teacher =1, no meditation practice =0 and meditation practice = 1.

  • *p<0.05; ***p<0.001.

  • ONS, Office of National Statistics; PSS, Perceived Stress Scale; WEMWBS, Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale.