Table 3

Association with hospitalisation and costs

VariablesOutcome: any hospitalisation for trauma
Logistic regression
Outcomes: ln(health expenditure)
OLS (β reported)*
OR95% CIPredicted % with hospitalisation†β95% CIPredicted health expenditure (in CHF)†
Any benzodiazepine prescription
 No3.66400
 Yes1.311.20 to 1.444.70.720.67 to 0.7713 168
Age
 65–693.98504
 70–741.151.03 to 1.294.30.370.31 to 0.4211 562
 75–801.341.20 to 1.514.80.530.47 to 0.5813 013
 80+1.281.14 to 1.434.60.830.78 to 0.8914 494
Sex
 Female4.48923
 Male0.740.69 to 0.813.3−0.12−0.16 to −0.077952
Canton
 AG4.45470
 BS1.060.81 to 1.384.70.460.32 to 0.608683
 FR1.000.81 to 1.254.40.570.46 to 0.689657
 VD0.880.73 to 1.063.90.580.49 to 0.689807
 TI0.690.54 to 0.893.10.210.09 to 0.336733
 JU0.950.71 to 1.274.20.240.09 to 0.396230
 GE0.850.70 to 1.033.80.500.40 to 0.608991
 VS0.800.66 to 0.973.60.170.07 to 0.276475
 NE0.970.77 to 1.224.30.400.28 to 0.528124
Insurance plan
 Basic plan4.08475
 Gatekeeping0.910.82 to 1.003.60.090.03 to 0.149245
 Phone-based gatekeeping0.940.83 to 1.073.8−0.12−0.19 to −0.067485
 Managed care (HMO)0.950.82 to 1.103.8−0.04−0.12 to 0.038090
Deductible (CHF)
 3004.19495
 5000.950.88 to 1.043.9−0.22−0.26 to −0.177656
 10000.690.52 to 0.922.8−1.01−1.13 to −0.893448
 15000.850.69 to 1.043.5−1.69−1.78 to −1.601748
 20000.680.35 to 1.322.8−2.45−2.71 to −2.18823
 25000.550.40 to 0.752.3−3.14−3.25 to −3.03409
Comorbidities (PCG)
 03.62977
 11.191.09 to 1.304.21.351.30 to 1.3911 461
 21.211.07 to 1.374.31.581.51 to 1.6514 500
 31.391.10 to 1.764.91.781.64 to 1.9317 675
 40.220.05 to 0.890.81.941.56 to 2.3220 699
 5+1.460.34 to 6.275.12.000.96 to 3.0321 908
Total number of hospital admissions (non-trauma)
 03.43704
 11.691.52 to 1.885.71.691.63 to 1.7620 131
 2+2.031.76 to 2.336.72.222.13 to 2.3134 079
N 69 005
  • *Semielasticity.

  • †Obtained by predicting the outcome for each value of each covariate, all else being equal.

  • PCG, pharmaceutical cost group.