Table 7

Mean score for each coping mechanism on brief cope scale (mean, SD)*

Coping mechanismMean (SD)
Adaptive coping strategies
 Active coping4.8 (1.6)
Planning5.0 (1.7)
 Positive reframing4.4 (1.5)
 Acceptance4.9 (1.5)
Emotional support5.0 (1.7)
 Instrumental support4.6 (1.6)
 Humour4.1 (1.8)
 Religion3.3 (1.9)
Maladaptive coping strategies
 Self-distraction5.1 (1.6)
  Self-blame4.6 (1.7)
  Denial2.5 (1.9)
  Behavioural disengagement3.0 (1.4)
  Substance use2.9 (1.4)
  Venting4.2 (1.5)
  • *Each coping strategy is scored from 2 to 8 with higher scores reflecting more frequent use of the strategy.