Table 5

Levels of nutrients provided in 2006 and 2016 and comparison of nutrients provided with historical school meal nutrient-based standards. Difference is percent difference of lunches meeting standard in 2016 compared with 2006. The sample includes 1148 English children in 2006 and 323 English children in 2016 (with results adjusted for school clusters)

Nutrient (units)School meal standards for EnglandMean provided 200695% CI 2006Meeting standard in 2006 (%)Mean provided 201695% CI 2016Meeting standard in 2016 (%)Difference 2016–2006 (%)95% CI of differenceP value of difference
Energy (kcal)530626609 to 64312591545 to 6379−3.8−8.0 to 0.40.075
Protein (g)7.518.117.5 to 18.79418.516.6 to 20.5940.1−03.4 to 03.30.983
Total fat (g)20.621.020.1 to 21.95421.820.1 to 23.652−2.7−9.9 to 4.50.452
Saturated fat (g)6.58.27.8 to 8.6428.07.3 to 8.8485.2−2.4 to 12.80.178
Saturated fat (% E)≤1111.411.1 to 11.84912.011.3 to 12.646−2.2−8.4 to 3.90.473
Total carbohydrate (g)70.696.493.6 to 99.17885.478.4 to 92.464−13.4−22.0 to −4.80.003
Total sugar (g)n/a50.348.1 to 52.5n/a36.331.9 to 40.6n/an/an/an/a
NMES (g)15.539.537.6 to 41.31824.020.3 to 27.73719.39.9 to 28.6<0.001
NMES (% E)≤1124.923.9 to 25.91715.614.0 to 17.23118.410.7 to 26.2<0.001
NSP (g)4.23.63.4 to 3.8323.83.4 to 4.1320.3−9.0 to 9.50.955
Sodium (mg)499869833 to 90520797721 to 873200.5−6.5 to 7.60.877
Vitamin A (µg)175160144 to 1762411292 to 13316−8.0−12.4 to −3.50.001
Vitamin C (mg)10.557.953.3 to 62.58430.322.4 to 38.149−35.1−41.9 to −28.4<0.001
Folate (µg)53.076.964.3 to 89.54357.049.3 to 64.741−1.5−9.0 to 6.00.683
Calcium (mg)193277265 to 28864267242 to 292651.4−8.5 to 11.30.778
Iron (mg)3.02.442.36 to 2.53242.502.28 to 2.7223−1.6−9.4 to 6.20.686
Zinc (mg)2.52.12.0 to 2.2281.91.7 to 2.120−7.5−14.1 to −0.90.027
  • NMES, non-milk extrinsic sugar; NSP, non-starch polysaccharide.