Table 1


VariablesType of measurementsModalities of measurementReferences
Stress and cardiovascular risk biomarkersHeart rate variabilityHolter 81
Skin conductanceWristband electrodes – Movisens 37
Blood flow velocityLaser speckle contrast imaging 82 83
Myocardial longitudinal strainSpeckle tracking echocardiography 38 39
Genetic polymorphismsPolymorphism of the ACEBlood cells 48–51
Polymorphism of the serotoninBlood cells 52–54
Demographics*Age, gender, qualification, personal work status, ethnicity, life and occupational eventsQuestionnaire 10
Clinical measurementsHeight, weight, blood pressure, heart rate and waist circumference
Body compositionMuscle mass, fat mass and bone structureImpedance metre 36
Densitometry X-ray absorption 35
Peripheral quantitative computed tomography 73–75
Quantitative ultrasounds 84
Psychology and quality of lifeDepressionHAD (seven items) 57
AnxietyHAD (seven items)
Hamilton Scale for Anxiety (seven items)
State and Trait Anxiety Inventory 58 59
General healthGeneral Health Questionnaire SF-36
(36 items)
Quality of lifeBrief Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale (11 items) 85
Stress, fatigue and sleep100 mm Visual Analogue Scale 10
BurnoutMaslach Burnout Inventory 56
MindfulnessMindfulness Fribourg Mindfulness Inventory 22 23
CopingBrief COPE questionnaire 60
EmotionsEmotion Regulation Questionnaire 61
Perception of workKarasek’s Job Content Questionnaire 63
Self-efficacyPerceived Self-efficacy Scale 64
AlexithymiaToronto Alexithymia Scale 65–67
Illness perceptionBrief Illness Perception Questionnaire 68 69
MetacognitionMetacognition Questionnaire 70
Personal resourcesTrait perception of workplace stressInner Correspondence/Peaceful Harmony with practices
(17 items)
LifestyleSmoking, alcohol, coffee and food intakeQuestionnaires 10
Physical activityRecent Physical Activity Questionnaire 72
Alloplastic loadHbA1c, HDLC and LDLC and TGEDTA tube 35
CortisolDry tube, serum isolation and deep-freezing 46 47
DHEASDry tube, serum isolation and deep-freezing 46 47
LeptinDry tube, serum isolation and deep-freezing 35
GhrelinDry tube, serum isolation and deep-freezing 7 41
BDNFDry tube, serum isolation and deep-freezing 42–44
Proinflammatory cytokines: IL-1β, IL-6, IL-1 and TNFαDry tube, serum isolation and deep-freezing 35
NPYDry tube, serum isolation and deep-freezing 45
Telomere lengthBlood, analysis by southern blot or PCR 55
  • *Adjustment variables.

  • BDNF, brain-derived neurotrophic factor ; COPE, Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced; COPE, Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced; DHEAS, Dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate; HAD, Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; HDLC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; IL, interleukin; LDLC, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; NPY, Neuropeptide Y; SF-36, 36-Item Short Form health survey; TG, triglyceride; TNFα, tumour necrosis factor alpha.