Table 2

Multimorbidity patterns identified in women with heart failure (n=8488). Each pattern is represented by the comorbidities and their loading factors in the pattern

PatternsComorbiditiesLoading factors
CardiovascularCardiac arrhythmia0.80
Cardiac valve disorders0.62
Cardiovascular disorders, other0.58
Hematologic disorders, other0.52
Surgical aftercare0.33
Cardiomyopathy0.32
Chronic renal failure0.29
RespiratoryRespiratory disorders, other0.47
Emphysema, chronic bronchitis, COPD0.47
Asthma0.42
Other endocrine disorders0.37
Chronic renal failure0.30
Surgical aftercare0.25
MetabolicDiabetic retinopathy0.74
Diabetes0.73
Obesity0.40
Hypertension0.36
Disorders of lipid metabolism0.26
Coronary-ischaemicAcute myocardial infarction0.76
Ischaemic heart disease (excluding AMI*)0.66
Surgical aftercare0.30
DegenerativeVaricose veins of lower extremities0.53
Arthropathy0.53
Cataract, aphakia0.45
Osteoporosis0.34
Thrombophlebitis0.29
Deafness, hearing loss0.26
Obesity0.25
Hypertension0.25
NeurovascularDementia and delirium0.76
Chronic ulcer of the skin0.48
Cerebrovascular disease0.41
Chronic renal failure0.28
Respiratory disorders, other0.25
  • *Acute myocardial infarction.