Table 4

Prevalence of multimorbidity patterns identified in men (n=6182) and women (n=8488) with heart failure, and adjusted associations with hospitalisation and death

Multimorbidity patternPrevalence (%)Mean age (years)Hospitalisation (OR)*P valueDeath (HR)†P value
Women
 Cardiovascular29.980.41.86 (1.66–2.08)<0.0011.45 (1.33–1.58)<0.001
 Metabolic49.980.11.26 (1.13–1.39)<0.0011.04 (0.97–1.13)0.284
 Coronary-ischaemic6.6080.71.48 (1.23–1.79)<0.0011.13 (0.99–1.30)0.061
 Neurovascular13.684.11.12 (0.97–1.30)0.1171.62 (1.48–1.78)<0.001
 Degenerative64.081.11.19 (1.06–1.32)0.0020.70 (0.65–0.76)<0.001
 Respiratory16.981.01.71 (1.50–1.97)<0.0011.53 (1.39–1.69)<0.001
Men
 Cardiovascular43.276.81.83 (1.62–2.07)<0.0011.60 (1.46–1.76)<0.001
 Metabolic49.375.31.37 (1.22–1.53)<0.0010.98 (0.90–1.07)0.695
 Coronary-ischaemic24.776.21.25 (1.10–1.43)0.0010.99 (0.90–1.09)0.818
 Neurovascular22.279.91.62 (1.41–1.86)<0.0011.74 (1.58–1.91)<0.001
 Degenerative29.280.21.03 (0.91–1.16)0.6870.75 (0.68–0.81)<0.001
  • *OR for having at least one hospitalisation during the following year (compared with not having the pattern).

  • †HR for all-cause death after 3 years of follow-up (compared with not having the pattern).