Table 3

Multimorbidity patterns identified in men with heart failure (n=6182). Each pattern is represented by the comorbidities and their loading factors in the pattern

PatternsComorbiditiesLoading factors
CardiovascularCardiovascular disorders, other0.66
Cardiac arrhythmia0.64
Cardiac valve disorders0.58
Cardiomyopathy0.55
Surgical aftercare0.46
Hematologic disorders, other0.39
Respiratory disorders, other0.39
Chronic renal failure0.33
Iron deficiency, other deficiency anemias0.26
NeurovascularDementia and delirium0.54
Generalised atherosclerosis0.52
Peripheral vascular disease0.46
Chronic renal failure0.45
Cerebrovascular disease0.43
Respiratory disorders, other0.43
Chronic ulcer of the skin0.39
Iron deficiency, other deficiency anemias0.39
MetabolicObesity0.71
Diabetes0.45
Hypertension0.45
Disorders of lipid metabolism0.40
Substance use0.31
Coronary- ischaemicIschaemic heart disease (excluding AMI*)0.70
Acute myocardial infarction0.70
Surgical aftercare0.36
Disorders of lipid metabolism0.36
DegenerativeArthropathy0.43
Cataract, aphakia0.42
Deafness, hearing loss0.39
Glaucoma0.31
Varicose veins of lower extremities0.30
Dermatitis and eczema0.30
Prostatic hypertrophy0.26
  • *Acute myocardial infarction.