Table 4

The association between keeping antibiotics at home and prophylactic SMA for children (n=9456)†

Independent variablesModel 1 aOR (95% CI)Model 2 aOR (95% CI)
Sex of caregiver
 MaleRefRef
 Female0.83 (0.74 to 0.94)**0.83 (0.74 to 0.94)**
Sex of child
 MaleRefRef
 Female1.06 (0.96 to 1.18)1.06 (0.96 to 1.18)
Age of child1.01 (1.00 to 1.03)1.01 (1.00 to 1.03)
Parents’ highest level of education
 Middle school and belowRefRef
 High school0.97 (0.84 to 1.12)0.97 (0.84 to 1.11)
 College and above0.85 (0.73 to 0.99)*0.84 (0.72 to 0.98)*
Average household income (RMB, monthly)
 <3000 (US$461)RefRef
 3000–5000 (US$462–769)0.93 (0.80 to 1.08)0.93 (0.80 to 1.08)
 5001–10 000 (US$770–1538)0.90 (0.76 to 1.06)0.90 (0.76 to 1.06)
 >10 000 (US$1538)0.84 (0.68 to 1.03)0.84 (0.69 to 1.04)
Province
 ZhejiangRefRef
 Shaanxi1.59 (1.38 to 1.84)***1.56 (1.35 to 1.80)***
 Guangxi1.00 (0.86 to 1.17)0.97 (0.83 to 1.13)
Residence
 RuralRefRef
 Urban0.94 (0.84 to 1.06)0.94 (0.84 to 1.06)
Parents with medical background
 NoRefRef
 Yes0.62 (0.52 to 0.75)***0.62 (0.52 to 0.75)***
Keeping antibiotics at home for children
 NoRef
 Yes3.16 (2.83 to 3.53)***
Keeping antibiotics at home for children
 NoRef
 Yes, previously prescribed by doctors2.96 (2.62 to 3.34)***
 Yes, previously purchased from pharmacies3.53 (3.07 to 4.05)***
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01 and ***p<0.001.

  • †A total of 70 of 9526 respondents kept antibiotics from other sources except for the two main ones (previous prescriptions or pharmacies), leaving 9456 for analysis in the regression models.

  • aOR, adjusted odds ratio; Ref, reference group; SMA, self-medication with antibiotics.