Table 3

The association between keeping antibiotics at home and SMA for children when they fell sick (n=1927)†

Independent variablesModel 1 aOR (95% CI)Model 2 aOR (95% CI)
Sex of caregiver
 MaleRefRef
 Female1.23 (0.93 to 1.62)1.28 (0.97 to 1.69)
Sex of child
 MaleRefRef
 Female0.95 (0.77 to 1.18)0.95 (0.77 to 1.17)
Age of child1.03 (0.99 to 1.06)1.02 (0.99 to 1.06)
Parents’ highest level of education
 Middle school and belowRefRef
 High school0.81 (0.60 to 1.11)0.79 (0.58 to 1.08)
 College and above0.72 (0.52 to 0.99)*0.71 (0.52 to 0.98)*
Average household income (RMB, monthly)
 <3000 (US$461)RefRef
 3000–5000 (US$462–769)0.92 (0.68 to 1.24)0.94 (0.69 to 1.27)
 5001–10 000 (US$770–1538)0.65 (0.46 to 0.91)*0.66 (0.47 to 0.94)*
 >10 000 (US$1538)0.76 (0.50 to 1.16)0.78 (0.51 to 1.20)
Province
 ZhejiangRefRef
 Guangxi1.91 (1.38 to 2.65)***1.69 (1.21 to 2.35)**
 Shaanxi2.63 (1.91 to 3.60)***2.41 (1.75 to 3.31)***
Residence
 RuralRefRef
 Urban0.97 (0.77 to 1.23)0.96 (0.76 to 1.21)
Parents with medical background
 NoRefRef
 Yes0.71 (0.52 to 0.97)*0.71 (0.52 to 0.98)*
Keeping antibiotics at home for children
 NoRef
 Yes4.91 (3.84 to 6.28)***
Keeping antibiotics at home for children
 NoRef
 Yes, previously prescribed by doctors3.80 (2.89 to 5.00)***
 Yes, previously purchased from pharmacies6.45 (4.89 to 8.51)***
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01 and ***p<0.001.

  • †A total of 17 of 1944 respondents who self-treated their children in the past month kept antibiotics from other sources except for the two main ones (previous prescriptions or pharmacies), leaving 1927 for analysis in the regression models.

  • aOR, adjusted odds ratio; Ref, reference group; SMA, self-medication with antibiotics.