Table 1

Characteristics and behaviours of parents stratified by keeping antibiotics at home for children (n=9526)

Keep antibiotics at homeχ2/tP value
No (n=4946), n (%)Yes (n=4580), n (%)
Sex of caregiver17.04<0.001
 Male1250 (25.3)993 (21.7)
 Female3696 (74.7)3587 (78.3)
Sex of child1.7840.182
 Male2599 (52.5)2344 (51.2)
 Female2347 (47.5)2236 (48.8)
Age of child, years, mean (SD)5.6 (0.5)6.0 (0.5)5.454<0.001
Parents’ highest level of education77.43<0.001
 Middle school and below1493 (30.2)1026 (22.4)
 High school1400 (28.3)1365 (29.8)
 College and above2053 (41.5)2189 (47.8)
Average household income (RMB, monthly)47.62<0.001
 <3000 (US$461)1228 (24.8)874 (19.1)
 3000–5000 (US$462–769)1455 (29.4)1434 (31.3)
 5001–10 000 (US$770–1538)1394 (28.2)1355 (29.6)
 >10 000 (US$1538)869 (17.6)917 (20.0)
Province228.9<0.001
 Zhejiang1591 (32.2)1333 (29.1)
 Shaanxi1405 (28.4)1950 (42.6)
 Guangxi1950 (39.4)1297 (28.3)
Residence31.76<0.001
 Rural2349 (47.5)1912 (41.7)
 Urban2597 (52.5)2668 (58.3)
Parents with medical background65.85<0.001
 No4491 (90.8)3913 (85.4)
 Yes455 (9.2)667 (14.6)
SMA for childrenχ2/tP valueSMA for children for prophylaxisχ2/tP value
Yes (n (%))Yes (n (%))
Keeping antibiotics for children at home187.5<0.001481.9<0.001
 No108 (17.4)595 (30.0)
 Yes513 (82.6)1388 (70.0)
  • SMA, self-medication with antibiotics.