Table 4

Group differences in well-being scores

Well-beingPassive arts engagement†Active arts engagement‡
Passive
(mean±SD)
Control
(mean±SD)
T(728)P valueEffect size(d)Active
(mean±SD)
Control (mean±SD)T(442)P valueEffect size(d)
Quality of Life (WHOQOL-8)31.5±4.1530.5±4.23.350.0008*0.2533.0±4.1631.5±4.143.680.0003*0.36
Short Form Health Survey (SF-20)
 SF20–Health Perception69.6±19.966.3±21.12.210.028*0.1675.5±18.270.7±19.32.590.0099*0.25
 SF20–Role Functioning85.4±31.286.4±31.70.440.6590.0392.8±24.291.1±26.10.660.5120.06
 SF20–Pain Domain18.1±20.917.8±20.70.180.8590.0116.7±20.617.9±19.60.620.5380.06
 SF20–Social Functioning90.9±19.688.9±24.51.200.2300.0995.6±14.792.8±18.71.680.0940.17
 SF20–Physical Function84.9±22.284.4±25.20.270.7850.0289.2±18.688.5±20.90.370.7150.04
 SF20–Mental Health81.2±14.880.5±15.40.630.5320.0586.0±13.183.6±14.01.840.0670.18
Interpersonal Support (ISEL-S)37.4±6.336.8±6.41.140.2530.0839.4±6.938.7±6.41.100.2730.11
 Appraisal Subscale12.4±2.312.4±2.40.320.7510.0213.1±2.612.9±2.40.700.4830.07
 Belonging Subscale12.2±2.511.8±2.62.170.030*0.1612.9±2.612.6±2.41.160.2460.11
 Tangible Subscale12.7±2.212.6±2.30.440.6580.0313.4±2.513.1±2.21.120.2620.11
Spiritual Well-being (FACIT-Sp-12)33.5±8.033.1±8.10.680.4960.0537.5±7.234.7±7.73.750.0002*0.37
 Meaning Subscale12.2±2.812.1±3.00.120.9080.0113.9±2.312.6±2.85.03<0.0001*0.50
 Peace Subscale12.1±2.711.9±3.00.810.4190.0613.5±2.612.5±2.73.720.0002*0.36
 Faith Subscale9.3±3.99.0±3.90.730.4640.0510.1±4.09.6±3.81.250.2110.12
  • *P<0.05.

  • †n= 730.

  • ‡n=444.