Table 1

Characteristics of respondents

Demographic characteristicN (%)Variable informationN (%)/mean (SD)
Demographic b ackground Arts engagement frequency (n, %)
GenderActive arts engagement178 (16.7)
 Male479 (44.9)Top reported: visual art49 (4.6)
 Female588 (55.1)Top reported: music43 (4.0)
Age at time of survey (years)Top reported: craftwork41 (3.8)
 50–59421 (39.5)Passive arts engagement645 (60.4)
 60–69372 (34.9)Top reported: film295 (27.6)
 >70274 (25.7)Top reported: theatre270 (25.3)
Marital statusTop reported: heritage-related events244 (22.9)
 Single/divorced/widowed216 (20.2) Physical activity levels (mean, SD)
 Married851 (79.8)Light intensity (range: 0–57)5.3 (9.3)
EthnicityModerate intensity (range: 0–60)2.0 (6.1)
 Chinese859 (80.5)Vigorous intensity (range: 0–10)0.3 (1.0)
 Malay121 (11.3)Strength and balance (range: 0–30)0.7 (1.5)
 Indian78 (7.3)Overall physical activity (range: 0–87)8.2 (12.4)
 Others (eg, Eurasian)9 (0.8) Well-being variables (mean, SD)
Highest obtained educationQuality of life (WHOQOL-8) (range: 11–40)31.4 (4.2)
 Up to primary/elementary school678 (63.5)SF20—health perception (range: 0–100)69.9 (19.6)
 Secondary/high school or above389 (36.5)SF20—pain (range: 0–80)17.4 (20.0)
Employment statusSF20—social functioning (range: 0–100)90.8 (21.4)
 Full-time/self-employed309 (29.0)SF20—role functioning (range: 0–100)87.9 (29.3)
 Part-time employed148 (13.9)SF20—physical functioning (range: 0–100)86.1 (23.0)
 Unemployed or retired610 (57.2)SF20—mental health (range: 0–100)81.9 (14.7)
Monthly household income (SGD)Interpersonal support (ISEL-S) (range: 12–48)37.8 (6.6)
 <2000412 (38.6)Appraisal Support Subscale (range: 4–16)12.7 (2.4)
 2000–3999335 (31.4)Belonging Support Subscale (range: 4–16)12.3 (2.6)
 ≥4000320 (30.0)Tangible Support Subscale (range: 4–16)12.9 (2.3)
Housing typeSpiritual well-being (FACIT-Sp-12) (range: 7–48)34.0 (8.0)
 1/2/3 room flat308 (28.9)Meaning Subscale (range: 1–16)12.4 (2.9)
 4-room flat378 (35.4)Peace Subscale (range: 2–16)12.3 (2.8)
 5-room/ 3-gen/executive/mansionette277 (26.0)Faith Subscale (range: 0–16)9.3 (3.8)
 Condominium and others104 (9.7)
Living arrangements
 Family (eg, spouse, children, siblings)968 (90.7)
 Living alone71 (6.7)
 Others (eg, friends, Tenants)28 (2.6)
  • N=1,067

  • *WHOQOL-8: World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument (8-item).

  • FACIT-Sp-12, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Spiritual Well-Being; ISEL-S, Interpersonal Support Evaluation List–Short Form; SF20, 20-Item Short Form Survey; SGD, Singapore dollar; WHOQOL-8, World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument (8-item).