Table 2

Spearman correlations and multiple regression analyses predicting well-being

Well-being measuresPassive arts engagementActive arts engagement
Spearman correlationMultiple regressionSpearman correlationMultiple regression
RP valueβSEP valueAdj. R2 RP valueβSEP valueAdj. R2
Quality of life (WHOQOL-8)0.233<0.0001*0.1660.008<0.0001*0.1500.177<0.0001*0.1390.006<0.0001*0.142
Holistic health (SF20)
 SF20—health perception0.174<0.0001*0.1460.035<0.0001*0.1790.130<0.0001*0.0780.0260.006*0.163
 SF20—role functioning0.0500.1010.0780.011*
 SF20—pain domain−0.0100.750−0.0240.430
 SF20—social functioning0.1060.0001*0.1000.0001*
 SF20—physical function0.0500.1030.0270.373
 SF20—mental health0.124<0.0001*0.0950.0280.002*0.0690.154<0.0001*0.0570.0210.0580.063
Spiritual well-being (FACIT-SP-12)0.162<0.0001*0.1280.014<0.0001*0.1770.201<0.0001*0.0650.0110.023*0.164
 Meaning Subscale0.164<0.0001*0.1210.005<0.0001*0.1910.244<0.0001*0.0810.0040.004*0.183
 Peace Subscale0.153<0.0001*0.1230.005<0.0001*0.1440.205<0.0001*0.0940.0040.001*0.138
 Faith Subscale0.0960.002*0.0840.0070.003*0.1710.0950.002*0.0040.0050.8960.164
Interpersonal support (ISEL-S)0.172<0.0001*0.1010.0120.0003*0.1800.116<0.0001*0.0360.0090.2050.172
 Appraisal Subscale0.126<0.0001*0.0860.0040.003*0.1330.0960.002*0.0300.0030.2990.127
 Belonging Subscale0.190<0.0001*0.1230.005<0.0001*0.1630.117<0.0001*0.0430.0030.1340.150
 Tangible Subscale0.135<0.0001*0.0590.0040.039*0.1440.1060.001*0.0220.0030.4390.141
  • n=1063.

  • Multiple regression: Variables which satisfied the normality tests are reported in the table; covariates entered: age, gender, marital status, number of children, education, presence of religious belief, employment status, monthly household income, housing type, presence of chronic illness.

  • *P<0.05.

  • FACIT-SP-12, 12-item Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Wellbeing; ISEL-S, Interpersonal Support Evaluation List Short Form; SF20, Short Form-20.