Table 1

Patient characteristics and outcomes according to presumed aetiology of priority 1 emergency dispatch for patients with priority 1 transport to hospital

Presumed heart conditionPresumed cerebrovascular conditionDyspnoeaOther medical conditionsTraffic accidentOther accidentTotal
n=1996n=538n=1176n=12 145n=1872n=2241n=19 968
Age, median (25%, 75%)66.4 (55.3, 76.8)67.8 (57.5, 78.8)70.5 (56.8, 80.8)61.5 (40.3, 75.8)31.8 (20.7, 48.4)44.4 (24.4, 63.5)59.4 (37.3, 74.8)
Male, n (%)1194 (65.0)273 (53.0)585 (53.1)6172 (53.5)1072 (63.5)1360 (66.9)10 656 (57.0)
Charlson Comorbidity Index score
 0, n (%)372 (20.3)121 (23.5)154 (14.0)2193 (19.0)701 (41.6)709 (34.9)4250 (22.7)
 1–2, n (%)720 (39.2)185 (35.9)334 (30.3)5034 (43.6)857 (50.8)973 (47.9)8103 (43.3)
 3–4, n (%)556 (30.2)157 (30.5)418 (38.0)2954 (25.6)99 (5.9)263 (12.9)4447 (23.8)
 ≥5, n (%)188 (10.2)52 (10.1)195 (17.7)1357 (11.8)30 (1.8)87 (4.3)1909 (10.2)
 ≥1 diagnosis1773 (96.6)507 (98.4)1076 (97.7)11 290 (97.9)1677 (99.4)2005 (98.7)18 328 (91.7)
 ≥1 cardiovascular diagnosis962 (52.4)228 (44.3)282 (25.6)3285 (28.5)19 (1.1)123 (6.1)4899 (24.5)
Age, sex, diagnosis and Charlson score missing, n (%)160 (8.0)23 (4.3)75 (6.4)607 (5.0)185 (9.9)209 (9.3)1259 (6.3)
Has one/more earlier journeys*, n3597530129772233484283
Response time, median (25%, 75%)9.0 (5.0, 13.0)9.0 (5.0, 13.0)9.0 (5.0, 13.0)8.0 (5.0, 13.0)10.0 (6.0, 14.0)9.0 (5.0, 13.0)9.0 (5.0, 13.0)
Scene time, median (25%, 75%)20.0 (16.0, 25.5)17.0 (13.0, 21.0)19.0 (14.0, 24.0)17.0 (12.0, 23.0)22.0 (17.0, 29.0)18.0 (12.0, 24.0)18.0 (13.0, 24.0)
Scene time missing, n125216839012488816
Transport time, median (25%, 75%)16.0 (9.0, 25.0)19.0 (11.0, 28.0)15.0 (7.0, 23.0)18.0 (9.0, 28.0)18.0 (10.0, 27.0)19.0 (10.0, 29.0)18.0 (9.0, 27.0)
Transport time missing, n125216839012488816
Total time, median (25%, 75%)49.0 (37.0, 61.0)47.0 (36.0, 57.0)45.0 (34.0, 57.0)46.0 (34.0, 58.0)53.0 (41.0, 68.0)48.0 (34.0, 62.0)47.0 (35.0, 60.0)
Rapid response unit†, n (%)551 (27.6)102 (19.0)336 (28.6)3253 (26.8)405 (21.6)493 (22.0)5140 (25.7)
Medical emergency care unit†, n (%)51 (2.6)6 (1.1)56 (4.8)246 (2.0)33 (1.8)44 (2.0)436 (2.2)
Helicopter use, n (%)<30 (0.0)<340 (0.3)<3<344–48
Cardiac arrest, n (%)290 (14.5)26 (4.8)152 (12.9)937 (7.7)56 (3.0)123 (5.5)1584 (7.9)
Trauma call, n (%)14 (0.7)5 (0.9)8 (0.7)137 (1.1)1112 (59.4)574 (25.6)1850 (9.3)
Destination hospital status, n (%)
 Non-tertiary centre1016 (50.9)220 (40.9)636 (54.1)5314 (43.8)757 (40.4)965 (43.1)8908 (44.6)
 Outside region24 (1.2)11 (2.0)23 (2.0)279 (2.3)59 (3.2)36 (1.6)432 (2.2)
 Tertiary centre935 (46.8)297 (55.2)501 (42.6)6452 (53.1)1041 (55.6)1224 (54.6)10 450 (52.3)
 Unknown21 (1.1)10 (1.9)16 (1.4)100 (0.8)15 (0.8)16 (0.7)178 (0.9)
Cardiac procedures within 30 days, n (%)
 PCI only296 (14.8)10 (1.9)35 (3.0)726 (6.0)<311 (0.5)1079–1080
 CABG only33 (1.7)0 (0.0)4 (0.3)65 (0.5)0 (0.0)<3103–104
 PCI and CABG13 (0.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)25 (0.2)<3<340–42
Outcomes
 Prehospital mortality, n (%)27 (1.4)3 (0.6)12 (1.0)118 (1.0)<39 (0.4)170-171(0.9)
 1-day mortality, n (%)‡*289 (15.7)48 (9.3)225 (20.4)1311 (11.4)47 (2.8)118 (5.8)2038 (10.9)
 30-day mortality, n (%)‡*402 (21.9)109 (21.2)403 (36.6)2264 (19.6)62 (3.7)191 (9.4)3431 (18.3)
 1-day and 30-day mortality missing, n16023756061852091258
Emigrated within 30 days*, n000<3<3<34
  • <3: the number of events was below three, and to comply with Statistics Denmark’s policies and regulations this exact number is not reported.

  • *Individuals with personal identification numbers present in the population database.

  • †Rapid response units staffed with paramedics and medical emergency care units staffed with a paramedic and a prehospital emergency physician (an anaesthesiologist) can be dispatched to assist and rendezvous with ambulance personnel.

  • ‡This outcome includes prehospital mortality.

  • CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention.