Table 1

Changes in outcome variables at follow-up by baseline characteristics

nChange in MVPA* (hours/week)Change in walking† (hours/week)Change in sitting‡ (hours/week)
Mean95% CIP valueMean95% CIP valueMean95% CIP value
Gender0.0700.0180.013
 Male86770.200.04 to 0.370.140.07 to 0.21−0.47−0.53 to −0.40
 Female94170.420.25 to 0.590.270.19 to 0.34−0.59−0.65 to −0.52
Age (years)<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001
 45–5565810.190.01 to 0.380.07−0.01 to 0.15−0.17−0.24 to −0.10
 >55–6559600.760.56 to 0.960.380.30 to 0.47−0.72−0.80 to −0.64
 >655553−0.12−0.36 to 0.120.170.06 to 0.27−0.86−0.95 to −0.77
Country of birth (missing=146)0.0820.1640.27
 English-speaking countries15 2820.370.24 to 0.490.220.16 to 0.28−0.51−0.56 to −0.47
 Europe12130.12−0.37 to 0.610.21−0.01 to 0.42−0.66−0.85 to −0.48
 Middle East192−0.18−1.43 to 1.07−0.30−0.85 to 0.24−0.87−1.34 to −0.39
 Asia825−0.42−0.97 to 0.140.01−0.24 to 0.25−0.57−0.78 to −0.36
 Other4380.22−0.54 to 0.970.18−0.15 to 0.51−0.41−0.70 to −0.11
Highest level of education completed (missing=206)0.4960.158<0.0001
 University/Technical and Further Education5 10 4910.270.12 to 0.420.160.09 to 0.22−0.41−0.46 to −0.35
 High school33060.460.18 to 0.740.260.14 to 0.39−0.69−0.80 to −0.59
 Did not complete high school40910.320.05 to 0.590.260.14 to 0.38−0.76−0.86 to −0.65
IRSED0.0020.0070.123
 Most disadvantaged group34490.390.22 to 0.550.230.16 to 0.30−0.50−0.57 to −0.44
 Second disadvantaged group3345−0.06−0.45 to 0.330.01−0.17 to 0.18−0.69−0.84 to −0.54
 Third disadvantaged group3763−0.31−0.69 to 0.070.03−0.14 to 0.20−0.55−0.69 to −0.40
 Fourth disadvantaged group36830.510.28 to 0.740.300.20 to 0.41−0.49−0.57 to −0.40
 Least disadvantaged group38430.37−0.16 to 0.890.10−0.13 to 0.33−0.64−0.84 to −0.44
Physical functional limitation (missing=3123)<0.0001<0.0010.301
 Moderate3546−0.48−0.73 to −0.240.01−0.09 to 0.12−0.58−0.68 to −0.49
 Minor37680.10−0.13 to 0.330.210.11 to 0.32−0.53−0.62 to −0.44
 None74050.800.63 to 0.960.290.21 to 0.36−0.50−0.56 to −0.43
Psychological distress (missing=355)0.5950.7160.415
 No16 9000.320.20 to 0.440.200.15 to 0.25−0.52−0.57 to −0.47
 Yes8120.16−0.43 to 0.740.25−0.01 to 0.51−0.62−0.85 to −0.39
Body mass index (missing=857)<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001
 Under weight2440.30−0.74 to 1.340.20−0.26 to 0.66−0.54−0.94 to −0.14
 Healthy weight75410.690.51 to 0.860.330.26 to 0.41−0.63−0.69 to −0.56
 Overweight68520.250.07 to 0.440.210.13 to 0.29−0.51−0.58 to −0.44
 Obese2547−0.83−1.15 to −0.500.280.13 to 0.42−0.22−0.34 to −0.09
Greenspace within 500 m0.4760.3540.715
 0%–5%13 7620.340.21 to 0.480.190.13 to 0.25−0.51−0.56 to −0.46
 >5%–10%26570.16−0.14 to 0.470.250.12 to 0.39−0.55−0.67 to −0.43
 >10%–15%13410.19−0.24 to 0.630.230.03 to 0.42−0.61−0.78 to −0.44
 >15%3340.61−0.26 to 1.490.28−0.11 to 0.66−0.50−0.83 to −0.17
Greenspace within 1 km0.2240.1280.951
 0%–5%10 9480.370.22 to 0.520.200.14 to 0.27−0.52−0.58 to −0.46
 >5%–10%48430.12−0.11 to 0.350.150.05 to 0.25−0.52−0.61 to −0.43
 >10%–15%14970.29−0.13 to 0.700.310.13 to 0.49−0.59−0.75 to −0.43
 >15%–20%4510.52−0.22 to 1.260.08−0.25 to 0.40−0.52−0.81 to −0.23
 >20%3550.940.10 to 1.790.590.22 to 0.96−0.47−0.79 to −0.15
Greenspace within 2 km0.4770.6820.221
 0%–5%77890.330.15 to 0.510.160.08 to 0.24−0.55−0.62 to −0.48
 >5%–10%69800.210.02 to 0.400.230.15 to 0.32−0.50−0.57 to −0.43
 >10%–15%21570.440.10 to 0.780.250.10 to 0.40−0.53−0.65 to −0.40
 >15%–20%6880.46−0.14 to 1.060.14−0.13 to 0.40−0.36−0.59 to −0.13
 >20%4800.750.03 to 1.480.360.04 to 0.68−0.77−1.04 to −0.49
  • *Mean adjusted for baseline amount of time spent on MVPA per week.

  • †Mean adjusted for baseline amount of time spent on walking per week.

  • ‡Mean adjusted for baseline amount of time spent on sitting per week.

  • IRSED, Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage; MVPA, moderate to vigorous physical activity.