Table 4

Comparison of test scores by clinical frailty scale (CFS) level

VariableCFS 2–4
n=38
CFS 5–7
n=342
P value
EuroQol EQ-5D-5L mean (SD)0.84 (0.11)0.71 (0.18)<0.001
EuroQol visual analogue scale mean (SD)82.09 (14.03)70.22 (18.74)<0.001
Gait speed mean (SD)0.92 (0.29)0.54 (0.28)<0.001
Grip strength mean (SD)23.54 (10.05)15.21 (15.89)0.002
Mini-nutritional assessment short form mean (SD)12.78 (1.44)11.67 (2.08)0.002
Montreal cognitive assessment mean (SD)26.00 (3.23)19.84 (6.32)<0.001
5-point geriatric depression scale mean (SD)0.56 (0.88)1.40 (1.36)<0.001
Water swallow test - failure No. (%)3 (8.3%)64 (23.6%)p=0.05