Table 1

Differences in knowledge, attitude and self-efficacy scores among different characteristics of caregivers

Variablesn (%)FAQ 1 scoresKAOP scoresSelf-efficacy scores
Mean±SDP valueMean±SDP valueMean±SDP value
Gender0.0550.0340.890
Male41 (10.2)11.22±3.09132.30±15.7527.02±4.21
Female362 (89.8)10.33±2.75127.31±14.1327.13±4.98
Age (years)0.0700.9090.004
30–39119 (29.5)10.37±2.70128.22±14.1326.33±4.19
40–49141 (35.0)10.83±2.96127.93±15.0726.70±5.41
≤50143 (35.5)10.07±2.66127.45±13.9328.18±4.79
Educational level0.0460.2760.927
Junior high school or below225 (55.8)10.23±2.90126.93±13.7827.09±4.83
Secondary high school96 (23.8)11.04±2.77129.72±14.0827.03±5.20
Bachelor’s degree or above82 (20.3)10.23±2.44128.16±16.1127.30±4.81
Work tenure (years)0.8580.1720.355
1–3222 (55.1)10.47±2.87129.70±15.4327.44±5.02
4–6114 (28.3)10.44±2.81128.55±10.6126.76±4.64
≤767 (16.6)10.25±2.53126.68±14.7226.68±4.96
Nursing home ownership0.0330.0320.708
Public132 (32.8)14.24±2.99133.94±15.9126.99±4.61
Private271 (67.2)10.51±2.69127.80±13.5827.18±5.05
Workplace0.1270.8620.296
Urban249 (61.8)10.26±2.84127.94±15.2027.32±4.96
Rural154 (38.2)10.69±2.71127.69±12.9526.78±4.82
Employment type0.0370.0110.042
Informal employee350 (86.8)10.24±2.81127.05±14.2025.33±4.47
Formal employee53 (13.2)15.40±2.56135.63±15.9627.66±5.22
Monthly income (¥)0.466<0.0010.975
<2000160 (39.7)10.21±2.81126.52±15.2127.05±5.24
2000–3000200 (49.6)10.56±2.74127.13±12.7127.16±4.91
>300043 (10.7)10.60±3.00136.11±15.5927.18±3.51
Prejob training0.0400.1060.001
No129 (32.0)10.01±2.95126.16±14.3825.91±4.62
Yes274 (68.0)10.62±2.70128.64±14.3127.69±4.94
Health status of the elderly0.8680.602<0.001
Complete disability34 (8.4)10.21±2.21125.49±14.1126.32±4.34
Partial disability219 (54.3)10.42±2.79127.98±13.5027.62±5.17
No disability150 (37.2)10.49±2.92128.19±15.6330.64±5.41
Interest in working with elderly people0.2730.0190.022
No58 (14.4)9.88±2.72123.74±14.1525.68±4.66
Yes344 (85.4)10.51±2.80128.60±14.2827.34±4.91
Job satisfaction0.0010.0330.001
Not satisfied34 (8.4)8.68±2.77121.97±16.8025.14±5.42
Generally satisfied151 (37.5)10.66±2.49127.70±13.2926.42±4.94
Very satisfied218 (54.1)10.54±2.91128.86±14.5127.91±4.66
  • FAQ 1, Facts on Aging Quiz I; KAOP, Kogan’s Attitude Towards Old People Scale.