Table 1

Baseline physical characteristics of participants*

VariableExerciseControl
S/G/P (#) Embedded Image ± SDMdnRangeS/G/P (#) Embedded Image ± SDMdnRange
Age (years)51/65/166613.1±2.6148–1749/49/111712.7±2.6138–17
Height (cm)44/55/1342157.7±11.3163130–17642/42/910156.5±12.2161127–175
Body weight (kg)52/65/137176.3±17.27935–10749/49/90675.4±17.37534–103
BMI (kg/m2)52/66/145129.4±3.92921–3848/48/92929.3±3.72921–37
Fat mass (kg)31/40/86733.4±11.53115–6029/29/56731.2±10.23015–56
Body fat (%)46/59/136438.1±6.83827–5242/42/84037.0±6.63723–51
Fat-free mass (kg)33/42/76446.6±9.84825–6429/29/43545.8±11.14725–64
WC (cm)23/34/75795.1±9.29476–11521/21/44595.5±8.89580–111
VO2max (mL/kg/min)28/38/98030.7±4.93120–4126/26/52430.5±6.13020–44
SBP (mm Hg)20/24/484118.2±8.711898–13919/19/330119.4±9.1118100–134
DBP (mm Hg)19/23/45069.8±6.86856–8118/18/29669.7±8.17052–85
TC (mg/dL)21/27/454157.8±16.3160110–20020/20/301163.1±19.7163114–220
HDL (mg/dL)25/30/52342.9±5.24334–5623/23/37144.0±6.34533–59
LDL (mg/dL)24/29/50796.5±11.49875–12422/22/354100.4±149881–142
TG (mg/dL)25/30/521111.6±27.210753–17322/22/351109.9±27.4102102–187
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)25/33/68488.5±5.69076–9824/24/36088.4±5.38874–97
Fasting insulin (uU/mL)18/27/58621.1±9.2216–4617/17/23021.0±11.0196–48
  • *Descriptive data for exercise characteristics calculated based on number of groups (G).

  • BMI, body mass index; DBP, resting diastolic blood pressure; HDL, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; Mdn, median; SBP, resting systolic blood pressure; S/G/P (#), number of studies/groups/participants; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; VO2max, maximum oxygen consumption; WC, waist circumference; X̄±SD, mean±standard deviation.