Table 2

Multinomial logistic regression analysis: association between each type of social participation and the incidence of the need for LTC or death at 9.4 years (n=9741) AOR (95% CI)—reference category: without the need for LTC and death

Social participation group, n (%)†Survival with
the need for LTC
Death
AOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
845 (8.7)2443 (25.1)
Local community 5692 (58.4)0.85 (0.73 to 0.99)*0.84 (0.76 to 0.93)*
Hobby groups 3101 (31.8)0.71 (0.60 to 0.85)*0.70 (0.63 to 0.79)*
Sports groups or clubs 2067 (21.1)0.65 (0.52 to 0.80)*0.64 (0.56 to 0.73)*
Political organisations or groups 820 (8.4)1.08 (0.82 to 1.43)1.04 (0.87 to 1.25)
Industrial or trade associations 1040 (10.7)1.02 (0.79 to 1.33)1.01 (0.86 to 1.20)
Religious organisations or groups 1114 (11.4)1.33 (1.08 to 1.65)*1.15 (0.98 to 1.34)
Volunteer groups 1052 (10.8)0.86 (0.66 to 1.13)0.98 (0.83 to 1.17)
Citizen or consumer groups 456 (4.7)1.03 (0.71 to 1.48)1.15 (0.90 to 1.46)
  • *p<0.05.

  • †Adjusted age, gender, living alone or not, educational attainment, smoking, alcohol, walking time, household income and the number of comorbidities.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; LTC, long-term care.