Table 1

Patient baseline characteristics, disability at discharge and 90-day location

All
(n=39 417)
Ischaemic stroke
(n=32 982)
ICH
(n=6435)
Median age (Q1,Q3)74 (63,82)75 (64,83)71 (59,80)
Male sex, n (%)20 693 (52.5)17 201 (52.2)3492 (54.3)
Median NIHSS (Q1,Q3)5 (2,12)5 (2,11)9 (2,16)
Minor stroke (NIHSS <5), n (%)16 113 (40.9)14 205 (43.1)1908 (29.7)
Home location, n (%)
 Large urban31 238 (79.3)26 028 (78.9)5210 (81.0)
 Medium population3120 (7.9)2627 (8.0)493 (7.7)
 Small population5059 (12.8)4327 (13.1)732 (11.4)
Neighbourhood income quintile, n (%)
 Lowest9161 (23.2)7748 (23.5)1413 (22.0)
 Next to lowest8446 (21.4)7069 (21.4)1377 (21.4)
 Middle7483 (19.0)6217 (18.8)1266 (19.7)
 Next to highest7083 (18.0)5897 (17.9)1186 (18.4)
 Highest7244 (18.4)6051 (18.3)1193 (18.5)
Baseline independence, n (%)29 688 (75.3)24 691 (74.9)4997 (77.7)
CCI ≥2, n (%)20 851 (52.9)17 775 (53.9)3076 (47.8)
Diabetes, n (%)10 095 (25.6)8869 (26.9)1226 (19.1)
Hypertension, n (%)27 156 (68.9)23 136 (70.1)4020 (62.5)
Dyslipidaemia, n (%)15 160 (38.5)13 307 (40.3)1853 (28.8)
Active smoking, n (%)7174 (18.2)6251 (19.0)923 (14.3)
Prior stroke, n (%)7131 (18.1)6231 (18.9)900 (14.0)
Atrial fibrillation, n (%)7150 (18.1)6232 (18.9)918 (14.3)
Coronary artery disease, n (%)9168 (23.3)8210 (24.9)958 (14.9)
Dementia, n (%)2780 (7.1)2342 (7.1)438 (6.8)
Median acute care length of stay (Q1,Q3)9 (5,18)9 (5,17)10 (4,24)
Discharge mRS
 Median mRS (Q1,Q3)3 (2,4)3 (2,4)4 (3,6)
 mRS=0, n (%)2513 (6.4)2263 (6.8)250 (3.9)
 mRS=1, n (%)4495 (11.4)4073 (12.3)422 (6.6)
 mRS=2, n (%)6429 (16.3)5896 (17.9)533 (8.3)
 mRS=3, n (%)8413 (21.3)7423 (22.5)990 (15.4)
 mRS=4, n (%)9372 (23.8)7772 (23.6)1600 (24.9)
 mRS=5, n (%)2143 (5.4)1609 (4.9)534 (8.3)
 mRS=6, n (%)6052 (15.4)3946 (12.0)2106 (32.7)
Median 90-day home-time (Q1,Q3)47 (0,81)55 (0,82)0 (0,58)
Mean 90-day home-time (SD)42 (36)46 (36)26 (34)
90-day location, n (%)
 Acute care1686 (4.3)1367 (4.1)319 (5.0)
 Rehabilitation1816 (4.6)1412 (4.3)404 (6.3)
 LTC/CCC2910 (7.4)2408 (7.3)502 (7.8)
 Death8083 (20.5)5628 (17.1)2455 (38.2)
 Home with home care2140 (5.4)1913 (5.8)227 (3.5)
 Home without home care22 782 (57.8)20 254 (61.4)2528 (39.3)
  • Modified Rankin Scale (mRS): 0: no symptoms, 1: no significant disability despite symptoms, 2: slight disability, 3: moderate disability, 4: moderately severe disability, 5: severe disability and 6: dead.

  • CCI, Charlson comorbidity index; ICH, intracerebral haemorrhage; LTC/CCC, long-term care/complex continuing care; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; Q1,Q3, 25th and 75th percentile.