Table 2

Participant timeline

OutcomeMeasurementTime point
Demographicage, gender, height, weight, ethnicity, smoking, alcohol consumption, date of injury, fracture classification, initial fracture management, pre-injury walking aid use and exercise tolerance, current work status, level of education, place of residence, social supportBaseline
Ankle-related symptoms and functionOlerud and Molander Ankle Score38 Baseline, 3 and 6 months
Lower limb function limitationsLower Extremity Functional ScaleBaseline, 3 and 6 months
PainVisual Analogue ScaleBaseline, 3 and 6 months
Health-related quality of lifeEQ-5D-5L score40 Baseline, 3 and 6 months
Fear of fallsFalls Efficacy Scale-International (short)Baseline, 3 and 6 months
Self-efficacySelf-efficacy exercise score42 3 and 6 months
Return to desired activities, including work, social life and sport activitiesPatient-reported return to activities3 and 6 months
Walking aid use and distancePatient-reported use of aids and maximum distance walked on any single occasionBaseline (recall pre-injury and current status), 3 and 6 months
Adherence to exercisePatient-reported exercise performance3 and 6 months
Mobility and balanceShort physical performance battery45 6 months
Ankle joint rangeHand-held goniometry43 6 months
Muscle strengthHand-held dynamometry6 months
Medication usagePrescribed and over-the-counter medicationsBaseline, 3 and 6 months
Work disabilitySick leave (days)Baseline, 3 and 6 months
Healthcare useNHS outpatient and community services (eg, general practitioner, additional physical therapy)
NHS inpatient and day case (eg, radiography, readmissions)
Private healthcare services
3 and 6 months
Out-of-pocket expensesPatient-related out-of-pocket expenses recording form3 and 6 months
Adverse eventsPatient-reported adverse events3 and 6 months
  • NHS, National Health Service.