Table 4

Sickness absence (SA) by the HRA categories in different occupational groups by gender: means and the ratio of means

Interpretation of the HRAMaleFemale
SA days (N; mean; SD)Ratio of means (95% CI)SA days (N; mean; SD)Ratio of means (95% CI)
Blue-collar workers
 No findings2745.1810.50Ref1986.9517.83Ref
 Some symptoms10607.1815.73 1.39 (1.07 to 1.87)14719.3120.241.34 (0.96 to 2.11)
 Health risk6918.3316.56 1.61 (1.23 to 2.19)84312.0422.42 1.73 (1.24 to 2.74)
 WD risk67219.8841.05 3.84 (2.91 to 5.23)139420.6438.19 2.97 (2.15 to 4.67)
Clerical employees
 No findings5322.4312.20Ref4254.4816.6Ref
 Some symptoms21983.1010.611.28 (0.87 to 2.26)33905.1813.491.15 (0.84 to 1.80)
 Health risk9534.0811.57 1.68 (1.11 to 3.00)13447.8718.11 1.75 (1.26 to 2.75)
 WD risk8729.8025.2 4.04 (2.69 to 7.19)217512.2726.43 2.74 (1.99 to 4.26)
Professionals/managers
 No findings2321.774.71Ref952.003.76Ref
 Some symptoms9132.8611.39 1.61 (1.06 to 2.60)7744.1512.73 2.08 (1.38 to 3.48)
 Health risk2923.8912.15 2.20 (1.29 to 3.69)2205.9814.81 2.99 (1.79 to 5.20)
 WD risk2325.4017.07 3.05 (1.68 to 5.23)3587.8218.14 3.91 (2.55 to 6.59)
  • Bold values denote statistical significance at the p < 0.05 level.

  • HRA, health risk appraisal; WD, work disability.