Table 1

Characteristics of the 206 participants suspected of TIA by the GP, divided by the final diagnosis of the expert panel

CharacteristicsTotal
(N=206)
TIA/minor stroke
(n=126)
No TIA/minor stroke
(n=80)
P value
Demographic characteristics
Mean age in years (SD)67.7 (13.7)71.4 (12.0)62.0 (14.2)<0.001
Male sex112 (54.4%)69 (54.8%)43 (53.8%)0.89
Cardiovascular risk factors
BMI in kg/m2 (SD)25.7 (4.0)25.7 (4.2)25.6 (3.8)0.85
Smoking status
 Current smoker38 (18.5%)18 (14.3%)20 (25.0%)0.05
 Former smoker87 (42.2%)58 (46.0%)29 (36.3%)0.17
 Never smoked81 (39.3%)50 (39.7%)31 (38.7%)0.89
Alcohol consumption, units/week(n=205)(n=125)(n=80)
 0–7143 (69.8%)89 (71.2%)54 (67.5%)0.63
 8–1437 (18.0%)22 (17.6%)15 (18.8%)0.83
 >1425 (12.2%)14 (11.2%)11 (13.7%)0.59
First-degree relatives with CVD below 65 years(n=204)(n=125)(n=79)
 0127 (62.3%)84 (67.2%)43 (54.4%)0.07
 159 (28.9%)29 (23.2%)30 (38.0%)0.02
 ≥218 (8.8%)12 (9.6%)6 (7.6%)0.62
Hypertension121 (59%)84 (66.7%)36 (45.0%)0.002
Diabetes mellitus27 (13%)18 (14.3%)8 (10.0%)0.37
Hyperlipidaemia85 (42%)58 (46.0%)27 (33.8%)0.08
Medical history
Cerebrovascular disease51 (24.8%)35 (27.8%)16 (20.0%)0.21
 TIA31 (15.0%)22 (17.5%)9 (11.3%)0.22
 Ischaemic stroke22 (11%)15 (11.9%)7 (8.8%)0.48
 Haemorrhagic stroke7 (3%)5 (4.0%)2 (2.5%)0.57
Cardiovascular disease54 (26%)43 (34.1%)11 (13.8%)0.001
 Angina pectoris13 (6%)12 (9.5%)1 (1.3%)0.02
 Myocardial infarction13 (6%)13 (10.3%)0 (0.0%)0.003
 Peripheral artery disease5 (2%)4 (3.2%)1 (1.3%)0.38
 Vascular surgery23 (11%)19 (15.1%)4 (5.0%)0.03
 Atrial fibrillation21 (10%)15 (11.9%)6 (7.5%)0.31
Renal insufficiency16 (8%)11 (8.7%)5 (6.3%)0.52
Migraine23 (11%)9 (7.1%)14 (17.5%)0.02
Epilepsy2 (1%)2 (1.6%)0 (0.0%)0.26
  • BMI, body mass index; CVD, cardiovascular disease; GP, general practitioner; TIA, transient ischaemic attack.