Table 1

Description of patient characteristics (n=642)

CharacteristicN (%)Refused (%)
Age, years
 <40252 (39)33
 41–65254 (40)30
 66–8097 (15)51
 >8039 (6)59
Sex
 Male382 (60)32
 Female260 (40)42
Race
 White430 (67)36
 African-American186 (29)33
 Asian9 (1)55
 Other17 (3)53
Smoking status
 Current180 (28)28
 Former142 (22)38
 Never320 (50)40
Hypertension193 (30)41
Alcohol use335 (52)31
Diabetes75 (12)36
Neighbourhood-based socioeconomic status (quintiles)
 1 (highest)204 (32)42
 2205 (32)38
 395 (15)35
 468 (11)24
 5 (lowest)67 (11)30
Type of health insurance
 Employer-based452 (71)35
 Medicare122 (19)46
 Medicaid43 (7)19
 Uninsured21 (3)40
 Tricare4 (1)50
Fracture location
 Upper extremity398 (62)37
 Lower extremity or pelvis/acetabulum244 (38)35
Multiple fractures81 (13)22
Multiple surgeries254 (40)30