Table 1

Association of CYP MH spend per person aged 0–18 with explanatory factors (main model)

Main analysisSA 1—excluding outliersSA 2—including eating disorders
Ratio of means (SE) (95% CI)Ratio of means (SE) (95% CI)Ratio of means (SE) (95% CI)
Children entering youth justice per 1000 aged 0–181.04 (0.03) (0.99 to 1.09)1.02 (0.02) (0.97 to 1.07)1.03 (0.03) (0.98 to 1.09)
Children in need (family stress), rate per 100 aged 0–181.05 (0.05) (0.96 to 1.15)1.04 (0.04) (0.97 to 1.13)1.06 (0.05) (0.98 to 1.16)
Obese children (reception year)0.94 (0.05) (0.84 to 1.05)0.95 (0.05) (0.86 to 1.05)0.94 (0.05) (0.84 to 1.05)
Children with excess weight (reception year)1.05 (0.04) (0.98 to 1.12)1.05 (0.03) (0.99 to 1.11)1.04 (0.03) (0.98 to 1.11)
Children in care per 1000 aged 0–181.04* (0.02) (1.00 to 1.07)1.03* (0.01) (1.00 to 1.05)1.04* (0.02) (1.01 to 1.07)
Spend on MH per person over 18 (excl. CYP, £10)1.01 (0.01) (1.00 to 1.03)1.02** (0.01) (1.00 to 1.03)1.01* (0.01) (1.00 to 1.03)
All physical health spend per person (£100)0.91** (0.04) (0.84 to 0.99)0.93* (0.03) (0.87 to 1.00)0.92** (0.04) (0.85 to 1.00)
Percentage of black and minority ethnic0.99** (0.00) (0.98 to 1.00)0.99* (0.00) (0.98 to 1.00)0.99* (0.00) (0.99 to 1.00)
Overcrowding1.01 (0.01) (0.99 to 1.03)1.01 (0.01) (0.99 to 1.02)1.01 (0.01) (0.99 to 1.02)
Long-term unemployment1.03 (0.02) (1.00 to 1.06)1.02 (0.01) (0.99 to 1.04)1.02 (0.01) (0.99 to 1.05)
Observations199190199
Akaike information criterion (AIC)193518551963
Bayesian information criterion (BIC)197118902000
Pseudo R-squared0.290.310.28
  • *P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001.

  • CYP MH, child and young person mental health; SA, sensitivity analysis.