Table 2

Outcome and other variables, methods and schedule of the assessments

Continuous monitoringBL12-month24-month48-monthO
Falls rates P
 Daily filled and monthly returned diariesNYYY
Number of fallers i.e. a fall indicator variable (yes/no)S
 Daily filled and monthly returned diariesNYYY
Fall-induced injuriesS
 Daily filled and monthly returned diaries and telephone interviewsNYYN
 Hospital registers are used to verify severe injuriesNYYY
Health service use
 Hospital registers are used to verify severe injuriesNYYY
Adverse events due to interventions
 Daily filled and monthly returned diaries and telephone interviewsNYYN
Participant adherence to the interventions
 Average number and duration of exercise sessions and total number and duration of exercise sessions based on daily filled and monthlyNYYN
Perceived exertion of interventions
 Modified Borg scale (range 0-10)NYYN
Physical, cognitive and social assessmentsBL12-month24-month48-monthO
Physical activityS
 Hookie AM 20 triaxial accelerometer for 7 daysYYYY
 Daily filled and monthly returned physical activity and exercise diariesNYYN
 Validated questionnaire (Scale of Grimby)YYYY
Physical performanceS
 Timed Up and Go-test (TUG)YYYN
 Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)YYYN
 Jamar hand dynamometerYYYN
Body composition
 Height and weight are measured and BMI is calculatedYYYN
Fracture riskS
 World Health Organization Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX)YYYY
Cardiovascular condition
 New York Heart Association functional class (NYHA)YYYY
 Orthostatic testYYYN
Self-reported physical ability
 Determined by askingYYYY
Mobility difficulty
 Structured interviewYYYY
Need of mobility assistive devices
 Determined by askingYYYY
Living arrangementsS
 Determined by askingYYYY
Questionnaire-based assessmentsBL12-month24-month48-monthO
Life space mobility P
 Life-space mobility assessment (LSA)YYYY
Balance confidenceS
 Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale (ABC)YYYY
Fear of fallingS
 Determined by asking and by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)YYYY
Quality of life (QOL)S
 World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) questionnaireYYYY
Cognitive statusS
 Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)YYYY
Depressive moodS
 Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)YYYY
Alcohol consumption
 The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)YYYY
  • BL, baseline; N, no; O, outcome;P, primary; S, secondary; Y, yes.