Table 1

Trial design

TimingRoutine visit before birthShortly after birth—within 72 hoursFirst routine visit after birthSecond and third routine visit after birth
PersonnelBHP field assistant and nurseCKIStudy nurseBHP field assistant and nurseBHP field assistant and nurse
Control groupInformation about trial and invitation to participate. Informed consent.CKI inform about birth
  • Umbilical cord and skin care

  • Encourage skin-to-skin contact to keep the newborn warm

  • Examine and weigh the child

  • Inform about vaccination opportunities

Field assistant:
  • Interview on morbidity and mortality


Nurse:
  • Examine the BCG vaccination site and lymph glands

  • Measure temperature

  • Weigh the child

  • Provide BCG and OPV

Field assistant:
  • Interview on morbidity and mortality


Nurse:
  • Examine the BCG vaccination site and lymph glands

  • Measure temperature

  • Weigh the child

  • Provide routine vaccinations

Intervention group
  • Umbilical cord and skin care

  • Encourage skin-to-skin contact to keep the newborn warm

  • Examine and weigh the child

  • Provide BCG and OPV

Field assistant:
  • Interview on morbidity and mortality


Nurse:
  • Examine the BCG vaccination site and lymph glands

  • Measure temperature

  • Weigh the child

  • Bold and italics stress the differences between the intervention and control groups.

  • BHP, Bandim Health Project; CKI, community key informant; OPV, oral polio vaccine.