Table 4

Patterns of smoking among current smokers in rural regions of Yunnan Province, China (%)

VariablesHan ethnic majorityNa Xi ethnic minorityLi Shu ethnic minorityDai ethnic minorityJing Po ethnic minorityAll
Use of various forms of tobacco
 Filtered cigarettes69.2**98.486.793.360.880.0
 Unfiltered cigarettes17.60.01.03.23.95.0
 Hookah / water pipe18.20.72.10.20.84.1
 Pipe tobacco2.40.55.30.40.31.7
 Hand-rolled cigarettes2.20.45.012.713.37.3
 Chewing tobacco0.00.00.00.227.97.3
Age of smoking initiation (years)
 ≤111.32.30.66.97.7**3.9
 12–2079.580.884.675.860.175.2
 21–3417.315.013.014.025.617.6
 ≥351.91.91.83.36.63.3
Age of regular smoking (years)
 ≤110.3*1.00.44.35.02.3
 12–2066.875.279.068.756.968.4
 21–3431.021.518.023.829.425.3
 ≥351.92.32.63.38.74.0
Location of smoking in the previous 7 days
 Home13.2*11.39.211.210.910.9
 Public spaces (schools, hospitals and so on)86.888.791.888.889.189.1
  • *P<0.05, **p<0.01, the χ2 tests for independence were conducted for each pattern of smoking across the ethnic groups.