Table 1

Sample characteristics and prevalence of home delivery for mothers aged 15–24 years in Nigeria, 2013 NDHS

Factorsn* (%)†Prevalence of home delivery
%†95% CI
External environmental factors
 Region of residence
  North-Central1080 (13.8)55.149.0 to 61.2
  North-East1870 (21.6)79.274.6 to 83.1
  North-West2713 (41.8)86.383.1 to 89.0
  South-East437 (6.1)18.814.0 to 24.8
  South-South856 (8.1)61.454.9 to 67.5
  South-West587 (8.6)29.122.0 to 37.4
 Rural-urban residence
  Rural5618 (73.2)78.976.3 to 81.2
  Urban1925 (26.8)43.938.5 to 49.5
Predisposing factors
 Maternal education level
  Secondary/higher2447 (30.5)38.535.4 to 41.7
  Primary1310 (16.3)64.159.7 to 68.3
  None3786 (53.2)88.986.9 to 90.6
 Maternal occupation
  Unemployed3370 (45.2)74.371.2 to 77.2
  Agriculture706 (9.0)61.654.5 to 68.2
  Employed3420 (45.8)66.263.0 to 69.2
 Husband/partner’s education level
  Secondary/higher2803 (38.4)49.345.8 to 52.8
  Primary1188 (16.8)66.861.8 to 71.3
  None3011 (44.8)89.887.9 to 91.5
 Wealth index
  Poor3933 (53.6)87.485.1 to 89.3
  Middle2952 (37.4)54.050.1 to 57.7
  Rich658 (9.0)27.723.1 to 32.9
 Maternal age (years)
  15–19 (teen)1520 (20.5)75.972.6 to 78.9
  20–24 (non-teen)6023 (79.5)67.865.2 to 70.4
 Maternal religion
  Islam4946 (69.4)80.277.8 to 82.4
  Traditional/other105 (1.5)77.465.2 to 86.2
  Christianity2492 (29.1)43.539.7 to 47.5
 Maternal marital status
  Never married448 (4.7)48.841.3 to 56.4
  Currently married/living with a man6895 (92.8)70.868.3 to 73.1
  Formerly married/living with a man200 (2.5)60.649.5 to 70.7
 Parity
  ≥4398 (5.1)82.877.0 to 87.4
  2–33283 (44.1)75.472.7 to 77.8
  13862 (50.8)63.060.3 to 65.6
 Frequency of reading newspaper/magazine
  Not at all6707 (89.9)73.671.1 to 75.9
  <once a week494 (6.4)33.827.5 to 40.8
  ≥once a week284 (3.6)31.724.6 to 39.7
 Frequency of listening to radio
  Not at all3472 (45.0)80.177.3 to 82.7
  <once a week1814 (24.8)68.164.3 to 71.6
  ≥once a week2232 (30.2)54.650.9 to 58.2
 Frequency of watching television
  Not at all4492 (60.4)84.081.8 to 86.0
  <once a week1241 (16.4)52.847.7 to 57.9
  ≥once a week1777 (23.2)43.439.2 to 47.6
Enabling factors
 Health insurance cover
  No7452 (99.2)69.867.4 to 72.1
  Yes66 (0.8)26.114.2 to 43.0
 Antenatal attendance
  <4 times2683 (54.5)88.786.7 to 90.5
  ≥4 times2371 (45.5)45.442.2 to 48.6
 Distance to health facility
  Big problem2605 (34.9)81.878.7 to 84.6
  Not a big problem4915 (65.1)62.959.9 to 65.8
 Permission to visit health facility
  Big problem1088 (14.8)86.883.4 to 89.6
  Not a big problem6428 (85.2)66.463.8 to 68.9
 Getting money for health services
  Big problem3631 (47.0)75.570.6 to 76.3
  Not a big problem3883 (53.0)65.862.7 to 68.8
 Companionship to health facility
  Big problem1281 (17.3)84.180.8 to 87.0
  Not a big problem6237 (82.7)66.463.8 to 68.9
 Attitude of health workers
  Big problem1282 (17.6)77.973.6 to 81.7
  Not a big problem6229 (82.4)67.665.0 to 70.1
Need factor
 Desire for pregnancy
  Then6623 (89.7)71.669.2 to 73.9
  Later852 (10.0)49.544.4 to 54.6
  No more25 (0.3)64.836.8 to 85.3
 Knowledge of pregnancy complications
  No1199 (39.5)64.760.6 to 68.5
  Yes1983 (60.5)42.339.2 to 45.5
  • The χ2 tests conducted for the prevalence of home delivery yielded p values that were less than 0.001 on all variables.

  • *Unweighted sample sizes.

  • †Weighted percentage.

  • NDHS, Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey.