Table 5

The results of binary logistic regression for the use of self-care strategies for managing primary dysmenorrhea

VariablesC1K3S4C5S6C7S8
Age (years)
 16–171 (ref)
 18–191.71 (1.09–2.68)*
 20–232.11 (1.20–3.71)*
BMI
 Normal1 (ref)
 Lean1.53 (1.10–2.13)**
 Overweight0.45 (0.25–0.83)*
 Obese1.27 (0.46–3.48)
Ethnicity
 Han1 (ref)
 Non-Han0.63 (0.41–0.97)*
Major
 Medical1 (ref)
 Non-medical1.57 (1.04–2.37)*
History of mother’s dysmenorrhea
 No1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Yes0.95 (0.65–1.39)0.84 (0.64–1.37)0.87 (0.64–1.18)0.90 (0.67–1.21)0.81 (0.48–1.39)1.08 (0.78–1.50)
 Unknown0.63 (0.43–0.92)*0.36 (0.23–0.57)***0.59 (0.42–0.81)**0.60 (0.44–0.81)**0.41 (0.25–0.67)***0.58 (0.40–0.83)**
VAS
 Mild.–1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)
 Moderate.–.–1.97 (1.49–2.61)***1.61 (1.25–2.06)***0.64 (0.48–0.85)**1.99 (1.46–2.70)***
 Severe.–7.01 (4.50–10.91)***2.64 (1.70–4.10)***0.55 (0.35–0.86)**5.93 (3.80–9.24)***
  • C1: careful select diet; K3: keep warm; S4: self-medication; C5: complementary therapies; S6: self-regulation of negative emotions; C7: communicate dysmenorrhea with others; S8: seek medical advice. Non-significant *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

  • BMI, body mass index; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.