Table 1

Baseline data on demographic and clinical characteristics of 901 women and 559 men aged 50 years and older, stratified by sex

ParameterMenWomenP value
N559901
Age (years)59.1 (7.1)59.5 (7.4)0.40
BMI (kg/m2)23.4 (3.1)23.5 (3.2)0.92
Hypertension (yes)179 (32.0%)221 (24.6%) 0.02
Diabetes mellitus (yes)128 (14.3%)80 (14.3%)0.99
Current smoking (yes)224 (40.1%)6 (0.8%) < 0.001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.17 (1.04)5.51 (1.16) < 0.001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.31 (1.0)3.61 (1.1) < 0.001
cIMT (mm)0.76 (0.24)0.67 (0.16) < 0.001
Plaque (yes)309 (55.7%)375 (42.1%) < 0.001
  • Values are shown in mean and SD (in bracket). P values were derived from the t-test analysis. For categorical variables, data shown are number of individuals and percentage (in bracket) and p values were derived from the Pearson’s χ2 test.

  • Bold values signify statistical significance.

  • cIMT, carotid intima-media thickness; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.