Table 2

Psychosocial and clinical factors of mothers related to the presence or absence of suicidal behaviour

CharacteristicsOverall n (%)Suicidal behaviourχ2 P value
Yes n (%)No n (%)
Parity
 First457 (46.2)63 (13.8)394 (86.2)8.00.04
 Second315 (31.9)49 (15.6)266 (84.4)
 Third157 (15.9)13 (8.3)144 (91.7)
 Fourth59 (6.0)13 (22.0)46 (78.0)
Verbal abuse
 Yes305 (30.9)54 (17.7)251 (82.3)5.10.02
 No683 (69.1)84 (12.3)599 (87.7)
Physical abuse
 Yes217 (22.0)39 (18.0)178 (82.0)3.70.054
 No771 (78.0)99 (12.8)672 (87.2)
History of rape
 Yes123 (12.5)34 (27.6)89 (72.4)22.80.000
 No865 (87.5)104 (12.0)761 (88.0)
Pregnancy
 Planned836 (84.6)98 (11.7)738 (88.3)22.80.000
 Unplanned152 (15.4)40 (26.3)112 (73.7)
History of abortion
 Yes273 (27.6)40 (14.7)233 (85.3)0.140.70
 No715 (72.4)98 (13.7)617 (86.3)
Social support
 Poor207 (21.0)36 (17.4)171 (82.6)4.70.09
 Moderate660 (66.8)81 (12.3)579 (87.7)
 Good121 (12.2)21 (17.4)100 (82.6)
Infant health status
 Sick231 (23.4)50 (21.6)181 (78.4)14.80.000
 Healthy757 (76.6)88 (11.6)669 (88.4)
History of depression
 Yes79 (8.0)10 (12.7)69 (87.3)0.120.73
 No909 (92.0)128 (14.1)781 (85.9)
Substance user husband
 Yes309 (31.3)53 (17.2)256 (82.8)3.80.51
 No679 (68.7)85 (12.5)594 (87.5)
Sexually unfaithful husband
 Yes538 (54.5)86 (16.0)452 (84.0)4.00.04
 No450 (45.5)52 (11.6)398 (88.4)
Alcohol use
 Yes323 (32.7)46 (14.2)277 (85.8)0.030.86
 No665 (67.3)92 (13.8)573 (86.2)
Smoking
 Yes10 (1.0)2 (20.0)8 (80.0)
 No978 (99.0)136 (13.9)842 (86.1)
Khat chewing
 Yes16 (1.6)6 (37.5)10 (62.5)7.50.006
 No972 (98.4)132 (13.6)840 (86.4)
Cannabis use
 Yes16 (1.6)3 (18.8)13 (81.2)
 No972 (98.4)135 (13.9)837 (86.1)