Table 2

Comparison of prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and comorbidity across sex for participants aged 35 years and above (n=7521)

CharacteristicsMale, n (%)Female, n (%)
Hypertension (n=838)Diabetes (n=396)Co-morbidity (n=120)Hypertension (n=1392)Diabetes (n=429)Comorbidity (n=219)
Age (in years)
 35–3965 (10.5)41 (6.7)9 (1.5)174 (22.2)74 (9.4)23 (2.9)
 40–44103 (17.9)48 (8.4)9 (1.5)206 (28.8)76 (10.6)30 (4.2)
 45–49119 (20.0)67 (11.2)16 (2.8)210 (34.7)65 (10.7)37 (6.1)
 50–54134 (22.7)56 (9.6)17 (2.9)161 (38.5)51 (12.2)27 (6.4)
 55–5970 (23.5)57 (19.3)19 (6.5)164 (44.2)56 (15.3)38 (10.4)
 60–69178 (32.2)72 (13.1)30 (5.5)233 (46.7)56 (11.2)30 (6.0)
 70+170 (35.5)54 (11.4)19 (4.0)244 (57.9)51 (12.1)35 (8.3)
 P value<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.0010.081<0.001
Place of residence
 Urban249 (28.2)132 (15.0)52 (5.9)381 (43.7)150 (17.2)90 (10.3)
 Rural590 (20.9)264 (9.3)68 (2.4)1011 (34.4)279 (9.5)129 (4.4)
 P value<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Education
 No formal
 education
275 (19.7)110 (7.9)21 (1.5)1166 (34.8)341 (10.2)160 (4.8)
 Up to primary206 (19.7)101 (9.6)25 (2.4)156 (45.2)54 (15.6)33 (9.6)
 Secondary205 (24.8)92 (11.1)36 (4.3)51 (50.5)24 (23.6)16 (16.3)
 Higher152 (34.8)93 (21.4)38 (8.6)20 (89.3)10 (45.1)10 (43.1)
 P value<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Working status
 Unemployed208 (38.5)89 (16.6)34 (6.4)1349 (36.2)421 (11.3)214 (6.4)
 Farmer233 (16.2)104 (7.2)18 (1.2)6 (43.8)1 (8.9)0 (1.2)
 Self-employed200 (21.1)95 (10.0)30 (3.2)30 (50.9)6 (9.6)4 (3.2)
 Business188 (26.0)98 (13.5)36 (4.9)3 (36.6)1 (7.3)1 (4.9)
 Others9 (17.2)10 (18.4)2 (4.4)4 (40.8)0 (3.5)0 (4.4)
 P value<0.001<0.001<0.0010.1150.9610.795
Mass media
 Not exposure372 (19.0)152 (7.8)34 (1.8)642 (32.2)155 (7.8)70 (3.5)
 Exposure466 (26.7)244 (14.0)86 (4.9)750 (41.2)274 (15.1)149 (8.2)
 P value<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Current drug use
 Exposure205 (21.0)103 (10.6)25 (2.6)370 (37.0)94 (9.4)50 (5.0)
 Not exposure633 (23.2)293 (10.7)95 (3.5)1018 (36.2)332 (11.8)168 (6.0)
 P value0.1210.9020.1120.6550.1580.648
Wealth index
 Poorest108 (14.7)58 (7.9)10 (1.3)220 (30.2)49 (6.7)19 (2.6)
 Poorer130 (18.1)55 (7.6)9 (1.3)231 (32.4)50 (7.0)24 (3.3)
 Middle146 (20.3)53 (7.3)13 (1.9)259 (33.6)61 (7.9)28 (3.7)
 Richer187 (24.6)79 (10.4)22 (2.9)301 (37.6)98 (12.2)47 (5.8)
 Richest267 (34.6)151 (19.6)66 (8.5)381 (47.5)171 (21.4)102 (12.7)
 P value<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Administrative division
 Barisal41 (19.9)25 (12.2)7 (3.3)80 (36.3)28 (12.9)13 (6.1)
 Chittagong113 (19.6)86 (14.9)36 (6.3)213 (31.6)92 (13.6)48 (7.2)
 Dhaka280 (23.2)129 (10.7)33 (2.7)472 (38)147 (11.9)84 (6.8)
 Khulna133 (26.6)37 (7.5)14 (2.7)203 (41.2)35 (7.2)14 (2.9)
 Rajshahi112 (20.8)53 (9.8)15 (2.8)191 (35.4)63 (11.7)33 (6.1)
 Rangpur123 (26)40 (8.5)10 (2.1)167 (39.3)38 (8.9)16 (3.8)
 Sylhet36 (17.8)26 (12.5)6 (2.8)66 (30.1)25 (11.4)10 (4.5)
 P value0.0070.0010.0100.0120.0800.036
Body mass index (n=5213)
 Normal (18.50–25)516 (23.1)235 (10.5)66 (2.9)394 (48.7)105 (12.9)69 (8.6)
 Underweight (<18.50)157 (15.0)80 (7.6)11 (1.1)200 (34.4)39 (6.6)11 (1.9)
 Overweight or obese (>25)126 (38.4)69 (21.0)38 (11.6)150 (69.9)61 (28.8)45 (21.1)
 P value<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Overall total 838 (22.6) 396 (10.7) 120 (3.2) 1392 (36.5) 429 (11.2) 219 (5.7)
  • Null Hypothesis (H0): There is no difference in prevalence of hypertension/DM/comorbidity within groups; Alternative Hypothesis (HA): There is difference in prevalence of hypertension/DM/comorbidity within groups. Chi-square test was applied to assess the proportional significant differences within groups; p value<0.05 was considered as level of significance.