Table 2

Cox proportional hazards analyses of mortality due to Parkinson’s disease

CharacteristicsHR (95% CI)
Crude*P-valueAdjusted*†P-value
Total participants (n=17 550)
 Parkinson’s disease2.29 (2.13 to 2.45)<0.001‡2.09 (1.94 to 2.24)<0.001‡
 Control1.001.00
Age <70 years old, men (n=2115)
 Parkinson’s disease3.04 (2.45 to 3.77)<0.001‡2.77 (2.23 to 3.45)<0.001‡
 Control1.001.00
Age <70 years old, women (n=3125)
 Parkinson’s disease4.11 (3.24 to 5.21)<0.001‡3.32 (2.60 to 4.25)<0.001‡
 Control1.001.00
Age 70–79 years old, men (n=3280)
 Parkinson’s disease2.27 (1.96 to 2.63)<0.001‡2.07 (1.78 to 2.41)<0.001‡
 Control1.001.00
Age 70–79 years old, women (n=5410)
 Parkinson’s disease2.41 (2.10 to 2.78)<0.001‡2.22 (1.92 to 2.55)<0.001‡
 Control1.001.00
Age≥80 years old, men (n=1285)
 Parkinson’s disease1.53 (1.25 to 1.88)<0.001‡1.47 (1.20 to 1.82)<0.001‡
 Control1.001.00
Age≥80 years old, women (n=2335)
 Parkinson’s disease1.83 (1.55 to 2.17)<0.001‡1.73 (1.46 to 2.05)<0.001‡
 Control1.001.00
  • *Stratified model for age, sex, income and region of residence.

  • †Model adjusted for the Charlson Comorbidity Index.

  • ‡Cox proportional hazard regression model; significance at p<0.05.