Table 3

Multivariate logistic regression model to determine factors associated with hypertension, diabetes and comorbidity among participants aged 35 years and above

CharacteristicModel IModel IIModel III
HypertensionDiabetesComorbidity
AOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Age (in years)
 35–39 (ref)1.001.001.00
 40–441.9*** (1.4 to 2.7)1.3 (0.9 to 2.1)1.1 (0.4 to 2.9)
 45–492.3*** (1.6 to 3.2)1.9*** (1.3 to 3.0)2 (0.9 to 4.8)
 50–542.9*** (2.1 to 4.0)1.9*** (1.3 to 2.9)3.1** (1.4 to 6.6)
 55–593.3*** (2.3 to 4.6)3.1*** (2.0 to 4.6)6.0*** (2.8 to 13.0)
 60–694.7*** (3.4 to 6.4)2.3*** (1.5 to 3.5)5.0*** (2.3 to 10.7)
 70+7.0*** (5.0 to 9.9)2.2*** (1.4 to 3.5)6.7*** (3.0 to 14.9)
Sex
 Male (ref)1.001.001.00
 Female2.0*** (1.6 to 2.5)0.8 (0.6 to 1.1)1.8** (1.2 to 2.8)
Palace of residence
 Urban (ref)1 (0.9 to 1.2)1.1 (0.8 to 1.3)1.2 (0.8 to 1.6)
 Rural1.001.001.00
Education
 No formal education (ref)1.001.001.00
 Up to primary0.9 (0.7 to 1)1.2 (1.0 to 1.6)1.29 (0.9 to 1.9)
 Secondary1.1 (0.9 to 1.3)1.2 (0.9 to 1.6)1.8** (1.2 to 2.8)
 Higher1.5*** (1.1 to 2.0)2.1*** (1.5 to 2.9)3.0*** (1.8 to 5.1)
Working status
 Unemployed (ref)1.001.001.00
 Farmer0.6*** (0.5 to 0.8)0.6** (0.5 to 0.9)0.5* (0.3 to 1)
 Self-employed0.8 (0.6 to 1.1)0.5*** (0.4 to 0.8)0.6 (0.4 to 1.1)
 Business1.0 (0.7 to 1.3)0.8 (0.5 to 1.1)1.1 (0.6 to 1.8)
 Others0.5* (0.3 to 1.0)1.2 (0.6 to 2.5)0.9 (0.2 to 3.6)
Mass media
 Not exposure1.2 (1.0 to 1.4)0.8 (0.6 to 1.1)0.9 (0.6 to 1.4)
 Exposure (ref)1.001.001.00
Wealth index
 Poorest (ref)1.001.001.00
 Poorer1.1 (0.9 to 1.3)0.9 (0.6 to 1.2)0.8 (0.4 to 1.4)
 Middle1.2 (1.0 to 1.6)0.7* (0.5 to 0.9)0.7 (0.4 to 1.3)
 Richer1.5*** (1.2 to 1.9)0.9 (0.6 to 1.3)0.9 (0.5 to 1.7)
 Richest2.2*** (1.6 to 2.9)1.5 (1.0 to 2.2)1.9 (1.0 to 3.7)
Administrative division
 Barisal1.3 (0.9 to 1.9)1 (0.6 to 1.7)1.4 (0.6 to 3.3)
 Chittagong1 (0.7 to 1.3)1.1 (0.7 to 1.6)1.7 (0.9 to 3.4)
 Dhaka1.3 (0.9 to 1.7)0.8 (0.5 to 1.1)1.1 (0.5 to 2.1)
 Khulna1.7*** (1.2 to 2.4)0.4*** (0.3 to 0.7)0.7 (0.3 to 1.5)
 Rajshahi1.4* (1.0 to 2)0.9 (0.6 to 1.4)1.4 (0.7 to 2.9)
 Rangpur1.9*** (1.4 to 2.7)0.7 (0.5 to 1.1)1.0 (0.5 to 2.2)
 Sylhet (ref)1.001.001.00
Body mass index
 Normal (18.50–25) (ref)1.001.001.00
 Underweight (<18.50)0.5*** (0.5 to 0.6)0.7*** (0.5 to 0.9)0.3*** (0.2 to 0.5)
 Overweight or obese (>25)2.0*** (1.6 to 2.4)1.8*** (1.4 to 2.4)2.4*** (1.7 to 3.3)
Constant0.064*** (0.04 to 0.11)0.105*** (0.05 to 0.20)0.007*** (0.00 to 0.02)
N752175217521
LR χ2 (29)835.52291.99349.26
Log likelihood−2748.39−1691.7765−800.7656
Prob > χ2 <0.001<0.001<0.001
Mean VIF2.422.422.44
Pseudo R2 0.130.080.18
  • *P<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; VIF, variance inflation factors.