Table 2

Details of study participants demographics, inclusion/exclusion criteria and whether data were provided

AuthorYearInclusion criteria—all base of thumb osteoarthritisExclusion criteriaNumber of participantsMean age of participantsSex of participantsData comments
Bahadir et al122009Eaton-Littler grade 2 or 3Inflammatory arthritis, trauma, carpal tunnel, previous injection4061.940 femalesAdequate data within original publication to enable potential meta-analysis.
Figen Ayhan and Ustün162009Bilateral symptoms with failed prior treatment, Eaton-Littler grade 1–4Injection within last 6 months, trauma, inflammatory arthritis, joint infection6662.666 femalesIncomplete outcome data and this was not provided by the authors on request.
Fuchs et al132006Aged between 44 and 80 years with radiographic osteoarthritis symptomatic for at least 6 monthsAlcohol/drug abuse, recent injection, inflammatory arthritis, uncontrolled diabetes, joint infection5660.345 female, 11 malesIncomplete outcome data and this was not provided by the authors on request.
Heyworth et al172008Symptomatic osteoarthritis without need for radiographic confirmationMore than two previous injections, pregnancy, previous surgery, trauma to joint, no benefit from previous steroid injection, inflammatory arthritis606352 females, 8 malesIncomplete outcome data and this was not provided by the authors on request.
Jahangiri et al182014Aged over 40 with symptoms for over 3 months and pain >30 mm VAS, radiographic grade 2 and above Eaton-LittlerInflammatory arthritis, tendon pain, joint infection, use of splint or NSAIDs, pregnancy, injection within last 6 months6063.544 females, 16 malesIncomplete outcome data and this was not provided by the authors on request.
Meenagh et al192004Symptomatic and satisfying ACR classification of hand osteoarthritisInflammatory arthritis, previous thumb trauma, previous injection to either thumb base406036 females, 4 malesIncomplete outcome data and this was not provided by the authors on request.
Monfort et al142015Symptomatic for at least 90 days, requiring analgesics, radiographic confirmation with at least grade 1 Kellgren-LawrencePregnancy, severe renal/liver disease, injection within last 3 months, previous thumb surgery, previous physical therapy8838.5Not statedAdequate data within original publication to enable potential meta-analysis.
Roux et al202007Symptomatic with VAS <40 mm, refractory to other therapeutic interventions, radiographic confirmation with at least grade 1 Kellgren-LawrenceSymptomatic osteoarthritis in other digits, blood coagulation disorder, hand trauma, hand infection, steroid injection within 6 months or any hyaluronic acid injection4265.638 females, 4 malesAdequate data within original publication to enable potential meta-analysis.
Stahl et al152005Symptomatic grade 2 according to Eaton-Littler classificationNone526246 females, 6 malesIncomplete outcome data and this was kindly provided by the authors on request.
  • ACR, American College of Rheumatology; NSAID, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.