Table 2

Basic characteristics of women (n=2970)

Baseline
(n=1480)
Follow-up
(n=1490)
ControlInterventionP valueControlInterventionP value
(n=617)(n=863)(n=620)(n=870)
n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)
Study site0.430.40
 Navrongo220 (35.7)280 (32.4)220 (35.5)280 (32.2)
 Kintampo198 (32.1)288 (33.4)200 (32.3)290 (33.3)
 Dodowa199 (32.3)295 (34.2)200 (32.3)300 (34.5)
Living in a subdistrict with a district hospital<0.01<0.01
 Yes70 (11.4)328 (38.0)70 (11.3)340 (39.1)
 No547 (88.7)535 (62.0)550 (88.7)530 (60.9)
Age0.830.93
 ≤1935 (5.7)53 (6.1)92 (14.8)130 (14.9)
 20–34452 (73.3)638 (73.9)439 (70.8)621 (71.4)
 35–49130 (21.1)172 (19.9)89 (14.4)119 (13.7)
Education0.770.12
 Did not complete primary school178 (28.9)257 (29.8)145 (23.4)182 (20.9)
 Completed primary school170 (27.6)222 (25.7)196 (31.6)242 (27.8)
 Completed secondary school209 (33.9)289 (33.5)207 (33.4)326 (37.5)
 Complete tertiary school60 (9.7)95 (11.0)72 (11.6)120 (13.8)
Marital status0.120.32
 Married415 (67.3)542 (62.8)351 (56.6)470 (54.0)
 Cohabitating150 (24.3)224 (26.0)163 (26.3)260 (29.9)
 Other52 (8.4)97 (11.2)106 (17.1)140 (16.1)
Parity0.370.09
 Primipara128 (20.8)196 (22.7)187 (30.2)299 (34.4)
 Multipara489 (79.3)667 (77.3)433 (69.8)571 (65.6)
Religion<0.01<0.01
 Christian524 (84.9)656 (76.0)533 (86.0)682 (78.4)
 Muslim51 (8.3)150 (17.4)65 (10.5)145 (16.7)
 Others42 (6.8)57 (6.6)22 (3.6)43 (4.9)
Wealth quintiles<0.01<0.01
 Lowest144 (23.3)156 (18.1)171 (27.6)188 (21.6)
 Lower141 (22.9)155 (18.0)132 (21.3)112 (12.9)
 Middle104 (16.9)196 (22.7)118 (19.0)174 (20.0)
 Higher120 (19.5)169 (19.6)106 (17.1)192 (22.1)
 Highest108 (17.5)187 (21.7)93 (15.0)204 (23.5)
National health insurance0.210.06
 Covered344 (55.8)510 (59.1)407 (65.7)611 (70.2)
 Not covered272 (44.2)353 (40.9)213 (34.4)259 (29.8)
  • P, P value for χ² test.