Table 5

Factors associated with adequate contacts with high-quality care in the intervention group of the follow-up survey (n=870)

ANCPPCPNC
AOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Study site
 Navrongo1.001.001.00
 Kintampo0.80 (0.41 to 1.57)0.27 (0.12 to 0.63)0.08 (0.03 to 0.19)
 Dodowa3.26 (1.67 to 6.33)0.20 (0.10 to 0.41)0.39 (0.23 to 0.65)
Living in a subdistrict with a district hospital
 Yes1.44 (0.83 to 2.50)1.57 (0.84 to 2.91)1.11 (0.69 to 1.79)
 No1.001.00
Age
 ≤190.81 (0.28 to 2.35)0.75 (0.39 to 1.42)0.48 (0.24 to 0.95)
 20–341.001.001.00
 35–490.69 (0.46 to 1.03)1.00 (0.65 to 1.54)0.79 (0.46 to 1.37)
Education
 Did not complete primary school1.001.001.00
 Completed primary school1.09 (0.55 to 2.18)1.26 (0.76 to 2.08)0.73 (0.50 to 1.06)
 Completed secondary school1.65 (0.76 to 3.56)1.18 (0.71 to 1.98)0.64 (0.44 to 0.93)
 Complete tertiary school2.32 (0.81 to 6.67)0.96 (0.47 to 1.99)0.77 (0.37 to 1.59)
Marital status
 Married1.001.001.00
 Cohabitating0.85 (0.55 to 1.29)0.78 (0.51 to 1.20)1.03 (0.58 to 1.82)
 Other0.40 (0.17 to 0.94)1.26 (0.84 to 1.89)1.14 (0.61 to 2.12)
Parity
 Primipara1.001.001.00
 Multipara1.76 (1.07 to 2.87)1.21 (0.79 to 1.86)0.75 (0.41 to 1.39)
Religion
 Christian1.001.001.00
 Muslim1.11 (0.59 to 2.08)0.68 (0.39 to 1.19)0.86 (0.47 to 1.58)
 Other0.50 (0.06 to 3.91)1.63 (0.92 to 2.90)1.87 (0.83 to 4.25)
Wealth quintiles
 Lowest1.001.001.00
 Lower0.62 (0.23 to 1.69)1.80 (1.14 to 2.83)1.19 (0.80 to 1.76)
 Middle0.70 (0.27 to 1.80)1.41 (0.83 to 2.42)0.89 (0.53 to 1.48)
 Higher1.59 (0.68 to 3.75)1.48 (0.85 to 2.60)1.21 (0.68 to 2.15)
 Highest1.40 (0.61 to 3.21)1.28 (0.70 to 2.33)1.98 (1.00 to 3.92)
National Health Insurance
 Covered1.78 (1.14 to 2.77)1.20 (0.79 to 1.81)1.46 (1.07 to 2.00)
 Not covered1.001.001.00
  • AOR by multivariable logistic regression analyses with cluster robust SEs.

  • AOR, adjusted odds ratios.