Table 1

Demographic and health characteristics in 2011

VariablesFemale (1)Male (2)Female farmers (3)Female non-farmers (4)Male Farmers (5)Male non-farmers (6)
Sample, N1652268012563961874806
Age, years48.06 (0.07)51.07 (0.09)48.16 (0.06)47.89 (0.16)51.28 (0.1)50.74 (0.16)
Education
 Illiterate344 (19.45)158 (5.45)319 (26.01)25 (7.69)135 (7.46)23 (2.36)
 Lower than elementary school250 (14.12)337 (12.17)218 (17.32)32 (8.38)273 (14.93)64 (7.91)
 Elementary school369 (21.27)574 (20.59)308 (24.73)61 (15.07)448 (24.31)126 (14.86)
 Middle school or higher689 (45.15)1611 (61.78)411 (31.93)278 (68.86)1018 (53.3)593 (74.87)
Married1587 (95.15)2573 (95.68)1214 (96.3)373 (93.09)1788 (94.81)785 (97.03)
Household expenditures, monthly2744.55 (143.88)2869.26 (163.99)2120.78 (80.98)3862.59 (353.58)2104.85 (86.05)4048.25 (393.95)
Self-rated health
 Good424 (26.38)884 (36.15)284 (22.94)140 (32.54)544 (30.82)340 (44.38)
 Fair872 (54.22)1372 (49.29)665 (52.12)207 (57.98)982 (50.28)390 (47.76)
 Poor356 (19.41)424 (14.56)307 (24.95)49 (9.48)348 (18.9)76 (7.86)
Disable148 (8.12)315 (11.07)124 (10.12)24 (4.55)251 (13.29)64 (7.64)
No of chronic diseases
(range 0–14)
0.99 (0.04)1 (0.03)1.1 (0.04)0.81 (0.07)1.07 (0.03)0.89 (0.06)
Functional limitations
(range 0–18)
0.48 (0.04)0.33 (0.02)0.63 (0.05)0.19 (0.06)0.44 (0.03)0.16 (0.03)
  • The proportions in parentheses are weighted proportions, the means are weighted means and SEs of the mean are in parentheses.