Table 2

Multinomial logistic regression results on options for place of residence in old age among internal migrants (n=7927)

Model 1Model 2
Shanghai versus hometownUndecided versus hometownShanghai versus undecided
OR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P value
Age (years)
 15–29111
 30–390.96 (0.80 to 1.15)0.6631.05 (0.90 to 1.22)0.5210.91 (0.75 to 1.10)0.332
 40+1.06 (0.85 to 1.32)0.6100.85 (0.71 to 1.02)0.0791.24 (0.98 to 1.57)0.070
Sex
 Male111
 Female1.28 (1.10 to 1.49)0.0021.17 (1.04 to 1.32)0.0111.09 (0.93 to 1.28)0.275
Occupation
 Service worker111
 Skilled worker1.21 (0.96 to 1.52)0.1100.91 (0.73 to 1.12)0.3591.33 (1.06 to 1.66)0.012
 Businessperson1.74 (1.40 to 2.17)<0.0011.06 (0.86 to 1.29)0.5881.65 (1.31 to 2.08)<0.001
 Unemployed1.30 (0.95 to 1.77)0.1041.05 (0.83 to 1.34)0.6851.23 (0.88 to 1.72)0.217
Monthly income (¥)
 0–1999111
 2000–29990.75 (0.55 to 1.01)0.0560.85 (0.69 to 1.07)0.1630.87 (0.63 to 1.21)0.410
 3000–39990.96 (0.72 to 1.28)0.7770.93 (0.75 to 1.16)0.5371.03 (0.75 to 1.40)0.863
 4000+1.09 (0.82 to 1.46)0.5481.01 (0.81 to 1.27)0.9101.08 (0.79 to 1.47)0.632
Hukou
 Rural hukou111
 Urban hukou1.31 (1.08 to 1.60)0.0071.42 (1.20 to 1.68)<0.0010.92 (0.76 to 1.13)0.433
Location of hometown
 Western China111
 Eastern China1.37 (1.09 to 1.72)0.0071.28 (1.07 to 1.53)0.0081.07 (0.84 to 1.37)0.576
 Central China1.26 (1.01 to 1.57)0.0371.23 (1.04 to 1.45)0.0151.03 (0.81 to 1.30)0.827
 Northeastern China2.20 (1.40 to 3.46)0.0011.87 (1.24 to 2.81)0.0031.18 (0.79 to 1.76)0.426
Education
 Less than high school education111
 High school education1.67 (1.38 to 2.02)<0.0011.26 (1.08 to 1.46)0.0031.33 (1.08 to 1.63)0.006
 College degree and above3.05 (2.37 to 3.93)<0.0011.85 (1.49 to 2.31)<0.0011.64 (1.28 to 2.11)<0.001
Health insurance
 Covered in hometown only111
 Covered in Shanghai*1.35 (1.13 to 1.62)0.0010.87 (0.75 to 1.00)0.0481.56 (1.28 to 1.90)<0.001
 Uncovered1.22 (1.00 to 1.49)0.0491.21 (1.05 to 1.41)0.0101.00 (0.82 to 1.24)0.953
Housing provident fund in Shanghai
 Uncovered1111
 Covered1.59 (1.24 to 2.05)<0.0011.55 (1.22 to 1.96)<0.0011.03 (0.82 to 1.30)0.801
Housing conditions
 Rental housing111
 Low-income housing1.37 (1.11 to 1.70)0.0041.33 (1.12 to 1.58)0.0011.03 (0.82 to 1.30)0.776
 Commercial–residential housing6.01 (4.79 to 7.53)<0.0013.25 (2.60 to 4.08)<0.0011.84 (1.51 to 2.25)<0.001
Duration of residence in Shanghai (years)
 0–2111
 3–41.51 (1.21 to 1.89)<0.0011.39 (1.18 to 1.64)<0.0011.09 (0.86 to 1.24)0.476
 5–91.55 (1.27 to 1.91)<0.0011.23 (1.05 to 1.44)0.0091.27 (1.02 to 1.57)0.031
 10+2.79 (2.24 to 3.48)<0.0011.52 (1.27 to 1.82)<0.0011.83 (1.45 to 2.31)<0.001
Living with spouse and/or child
 At least one family member left behind in hometown111
 Living with all members of core family in Shanghai2.19 (1.82 to 2.64)<0.0011.66 (1.44 to 1.92)<0.0011.32 (1.07 to 1.62)0.009
 Unmarried2.06 (1.58 to 2.70)<0.0013.02 (2.49 to 3.67)<0.0010.68 (0.52 to 0.90)0.008
Participation in social activities
 No111
 At least once1.46 (1.25 to 1.71)<0.0011.33 (1.16 to 1.53)0.0011.09 (0.93 to 1.28)0.265
  • *Includes those migrants having health insurance in their hometowns.