Table 1

Migrant characteristics based on migration intentions concerning place of residence in old age

N (%)
AllHometownShanghaiUndecided
79274516 (57.0)1408 (17.7)2003 (25.3)
Age (years)
 15–293199 (40.4)1777 (39.3)497 (35.3)925 (46.2)
 30–392813 (35.5)1524 (33.8)584 (41.5)705 (35.2)
 40+1915 (24.2)1215 (26.9)327 (23.2)373 (18.6)
Sex
 Male4048 (51.1)2381 (52.7)684 (48.6)983 (49.1)
 Female3879 (48.9)2135 (47.3)724 (51.4)1020 (50.9)
Occupation
 Service worker5108 (64.4)3240 (71.7)639 (45.4)1229 (61.4)
 Skilled worker941 (11.9)339 (7.5)331 (23.5)271 (13.5)
 Businessperson828 (10.5)381 (8.5)242 (17.2)205 (10.2)
 Unemployed1050 (13.2)556 (12.3)196 (13.9)298 (14.9)
Monthly income (¥)
 0–19991740 (21.9)982 (21.7)288 (20.5)470 (23.5)
 2000–29991701 (21.5)1160 (25.7)158 (11.2)383 (19.1)
 3000–39991986 (25.1)1253 (27.8)262 (18.6)471 (23.5)
 4000+2500 (31.5)1121 (24.8)700 (49.7)679 (33.9)
Hukou
 Rural hukou6126 (77.3)3953 (87.5)767 (54.5)1406 (70.2)
 Urban hukou1801 (22.7)563 (12.5)641 (45.5)597 (29.8)
Location of hometown
 Western China1200 (15.2)781 (17.3)152 (10.8)267 (13.3)
 Eastern China2444 (30.8)1228 (27.2)561 (39.9)655 (32.7)
 Central China4069 (51.3)2448 (54.2)613 (43.5)1008 (50.3)
 Northeast China214 (2.7)59 (1.3)82 (5.8)73 (3.7)
Education
 Less than high school education4871 (61.4)3302 (73.1)516 (36.6)1053 (52.6)
 High school or vocational education1553 (19.6)833 (18.5)288 (20.5)432 (21.6)
 College degree and above1503 (19.0)381 (8.4)604 (42.9)518 (25.8)
Health insurance
 Covered in hometown only2817 (35.5)1807 (40.0)341 (24.2)669 (33.4)
 Covered in Shanghai* 3471 (43.8)1789 (39.6)825 (58.6)857 (42.8)
 Uncovered1639 (20.7)920 (20.4)242 (17.2)477 (23.8)
Housing provident fund in Shanghai
 Uncovered7019 (88.6)4303 (95.3)1019 (72.4)1697 (84.7)
 Covered908 (11.4)213 (4.7)389 (27.6)306 (15.3)
Housing conditions
 Rental housing6003 (75.7)3890 (86.1)695 (49.4)1418 (70.8)
 Low-income housing874 (11.0)474 (10.5)144 (10.2)256 (12.8)
 Commercial–residential housing1050 (13.3)152 (3.4)569 (40.4)329 (16.4)
Duration of residence in Shanghai (years)
 0–22323 (29.3)1502 (33.3)238 (16.9)583 (29.1)
 3–41469 (18.6)801 (17.8)245 (17.4)423 (21.1)
 5–92428 (30.6)1362 (30.2)479 (34.0)587 (29.3)
 10+1707 (21.5)851 (18.8)446 (31.7)410 (20.5)
Living with spouse and/or child
 At least one family member left behind in hometown2154 (27.2)1599 (35.4)193 (13.7)362 (18.1)
 Living with all members of core family in Shanghai4308 (54.3)2179 (48.3)1028 (73.0)1101 (55.0)
 Unmarried1465 (18.5)738 (16.3)187 (13.3)540 (26.9)
Participation in social activities
 No6085 (76.8)3720 (82.4)898 (63.8)1467 (73.2)
 At least once1842 (23.2)796 (17.6)510 (36.2)536 (26.8)
  • *Includes those migrants with health insurance in their hometowns.