Table 1

Descriptive statistics (N=20 400)

NameAllAllMean/% Mean/%
MenWomen
Individual characteristics(n=9029)(n=11 371)
 Male (n, %)9029 44.26 N/AN/A
 Age (mean, SD)64.23 9.43 64.3464.15
 Urbanicity of current residence (mean, SD)3.33 1.41 3.353.31
 Urbanicity of childhood residence (mean, SD)3.70 1.46 3.673.71
 Equivalised household income (000 s) (mean, SD)21.57 30.69 23.3620.16***
Health status
 Depression (EURO-D) (mean, SD)2.18 2.15 1.682.58***
 EURO-D score 4+ (n, %)4666 22.87 14.67 29.38***
Childhood socioeconomic status (SES)
 Number of rooms (mean, SD)3.72 1.79 3.733.71
 Number of facilities (mean, SD)2.28 1.48 2.282.28
 Number of books (1=few to 5=>200 books) (mean, SD)2.13 1.21 2.112.14
 Occupation of main breadwinner (ranked) (mean, SD)2.90 0.80 2.902.91
Childhood characteristics
 Math performance (1=low to 5=high) (mean, SD)3.30 0.89 3.393.23**
 Language performance (1=low to 5=high) (mean, SD)3.33 0.87 3.243.41**
 Self-reported health (1=poor to 5=excellent) (mean, SD)3.97 1.00 4.043.91**
 Parent heavy drinker (n, %)1658 8.13 8.09 8.16
 Biological father present (n, %)18 582 91.09 91.15 91.04
 Biological mother present (n, %)19 639 96.27 3.41 3.98*
 Stepfather present (n, %)441 2.16 2.10 2.21
 Stepmother present (n, %)322 1.58 1.46 1.67
  • Mean (for non-binary variables) or number (for binary variables) is given in normal font and standard deviation (for non-binary variables) or percentage (for binary variables) is given in italics.

  • *Asterisks indicate statistical significance.

  • N/A, not applicable.