Table 4

Diagnostic Odds Ratios* for individual clinical presentations stratified by age group (<60, 60 to 69, ≥70 years) that showed evidence of effect modification

SymptomDiagnostic ORsP value for effect modification
Age group (years)
<6060–69≥70
Anxiety1.441.391.240.02
Ataxia8.289.575.160.004
Confusion43.996.412.6<0.001
Consciousness6.937.033.10.02
Depression1.52.652.77<0.001
Headache11.39.156.08<0.001
Nausea6.865.823.19<0.001
Seizure89.37014.5<0.001
Sleep2.721.481.780.03
Visual22.85.114.9<0.001
  • *Models adjusted for age group, gender and Charlson Comorbidity Index.