Table 5

Average nutrient content of the overall diet according to quintiles of the dietary share of ultra-processed foods (Australian population aged 2+ years (NNPAS 2011–2012) (n = 12 153))

NutrientsQuintiles of the dietary contribution of ultra-processed foods (% of total dietary energy)†Standardised regression coefficients‡
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q5CrudeAdjusted§
Free sugars (% of total energy)5.89.211.714.017.70.45*0.43*
Total fats (% of total energy)30.131.130.531.632.20.08*0.08*
Saturated fat (% of total energy)10.311.712.012.813.10.21*0.18*
Trans fat (% of total energy)0.520.580.590.630.640.11*0.10*
Dietary fibre (g/1000 kcal)13.312.311.810.79.4−0.24*−0.21*
Sodium (mg/1000 kcal)105311421216127513840.21*0.21*
Potassium (mg/1000 kcal)16741542146513461177−0.30*−0.27*
Energy density (kcal/g)¶1.51.61.71.82.10.43*0.41*
  • *Statistically significant p<0.001.

  • †Percentage of total energy intake from ultra-processed foods. Mean (range): Q1= 12.8 (0 to 21.8); Q2= 28.4 (21.8 to 34.6); Q3= 40.4 (34.6 to 46.6); Q4= 54.1 (46.6 to 62.1); Q5= 74.5 (62.1 to 100).

  • ‡Obtained with linear regression of the dietary nutrient content on the quintiles of the dietary share of ultra-processed foods and expressed in SD units.

  • §Adjusted for age, sex, educational attainment,socio-economic status and geographical location.

  • ¶Beverages excluded.

  • NNPAS, National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey.