Table 6

Prevalence (%) of non-recommended nutrient intake levels according to quintiles of the dietary share of ultra-processed foods (Australian population aged 2+years (NNPAS 2011–2012) (n = 12 153))

Quintiles of the dietary contribution of ultra-processed foods (% of total dietary energy)Non-recommended nutrient intake levels of:
Free sugarsTotal fatSaturated fatTrans fatDietary fibreSodiumPotassiumEnergy density
≥10% of energy≥30% of energy≥10% of energy≥1% of energy≤12.5 g/
1000 kcal
≥1000 mg/
1000 kcal
≤1755 mg/
1000 kcal
≥2.25 kcal/g
%PR%PR%PR%PR%PR%PR%PR%PR
Q1 (lowest)21.71.053.41.057.51.05.61.055.01.066.61.075.61.01.91.0
Q247.32.153.01.067.51.24.51.065.01.275.51.182.41.02.31.2
Q358.52.660.01.177.81.37.01.270.41.379.41.287.01.15.02.5
Q469.83.164.01.281.71.47.61.475.11.383.11.291.31.27.23.5
Q5 (highest)82.13.6*†69.71.3*†84.31.4*†10.91.9*†85.61.5*†84.71.3*†93.11.2*†24.811.7*†
Total55.960.073.87.270.277.986.18.3
  • *Significant linear trend across quintiles (p<0.001) in both unadjusted (coefficients not shown) and adjusted models.

  • †Wald test at 5% significance level.

  • ‡Percentage of total energy intake from ultra-processed foods. Mean (range): Q1= 12.8 (0 to 21.8); Q2= 28.4 (21.8 to 34.6); Q3= 40.4 (34.6 to 46.6); Q4= 54.1 (46.6 to 62.1); Q5= 74.5 (62.1 to 100).

  • NNPAS, National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey; PR, prevalence ratios adjusted for age, sex, educational attainment, socioeconomic status and geographical location.