Table 1

Phases of UROM development

Established methods for outcome measure developmentAdapted/novel methods relevant to UROM development
Phase IIdentification of content domainsEmphasis on using a multistakeholder perspective to identify domains of importance.
Phase IIItem constructionA multistakeholder approach considering plain language in conjunction with medical terminology.
Phase IIIPretesting and evaluation of content validityCognitive interviews with multiple stakeholders.
  • UROM, universal-reporter outcome measure.