Table 1

Definition of key terms relevant to the systematic review

Key termsDefinitions
Antenatal care (ANC)Care provided by skilled healthcare professionals to pregnant women in order to ensure the best health conditions for both mother and baby during pregnancy.
Skilled birth attendanceDelivery by a health professional who can identify and manage normal labour and delivery; and identify and treat complications or provide basic care and referral conducted within an enabling environment.
Emergency obstetric care (EmOC)Care package required to treat complications that arise from pregnancy and childbirth. There are two levels of care (basic and comprehensive). Basic EmOC includes parenteral administration of parenteral antibiotics, uterotonic drugs and parenteral anticonvulsants, manual removal of placenta, removal of retained products, and performance of assisted vaginal delivery. At a higher level of care, comprehensive EmOC includes all Basic EmOC interventions, blood transfusion and caesarean section services.
Postnatal careCare given to the mother immediately after the birth and for the first six weeks of life.
Family planning servicesServices including educational, comprehensive medical or social activities which enable individuals, including minors, to determine freely the number and spacing of their children and to select the means by which this may be achieved (For this review, focus will be on women).