Table 2

Clinical characteristics of different genders

Characteristic or parameterFemale (n=214)Male (n=366)Total (n=580)P value
Age, years65.5±10.9764.43±11.664.82±11.380.276
Smoking (%)2 (0.9%)164 (44.8%)166 (28.6%)<0.001
CVD (%)78 (36.4%)155 (42.3%)233 (40.2%)0.188
DM (%)84 (39.3%)201 (54.9%)285 (49.1%)<0.001
BMI, kg/m2 24.14±3.9525.08±3.0624.73±3.440.003
SBP, mm Hg131.47±17.66132.27±17.71131.97±17.680.601
DBP, mm Hg78.65±10.2283.27±10.3581.57±10.53<0.001
LS BMD, g/cm2 0.98±0.161.17±0.181.1±0.2<0.001
FN BMD, g/cm2 0.78±0.130.91±0.140.86±0.15<0.001
TH BMD, g/cm2 0.84±0.140.99±0.140.94±0.16<0.001
WCC, 109/L5.54±1.516.01±1.585.84±1.57<0.001
Fibrinogen, g/L3.45±0.783.31±0.93.36±0.860.063
TG, mmol/L1.37±0.791.64±1.141.54±1.030.001
TC, mmol/L4.62±1.044.25±1.054.38±1.06<0.001
HDL-C, mmol/L1.26±0.311.09±0.311.15±0.32<0.001
LDL-C, mmol/L2.74±0.922.48±0.882.58±0.90.001
UA, umol/L311.23±91.81387±93.56359.04±99.79<0.001
ESR, mm/hour14.05±11.718.07±8.9610.22±10.42<0.001
EGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2 75.3±18.5176.7±18.7976.19±18.690.385
  • Data are expressed as the mean±SD or percentage. The p value was calculated by Student’s t-test or the χ2 test.

  • ABI, ankle brachial index; BMD, bone mineral density; BMI, body mass index; CAVI, cardio-ankle vascular index; CVD, cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; DM, diabetes mellitus; ESR, erythrocyte sedimentation rate; FN BMD, femoral neck BMD; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LS BMD, BMD in the lumbar spine; NLR, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio; SBP, systolic blood pressure; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; TH BMD, total hip BMD; UA, uric acid; WCC, white cell count; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate.