Table 2

Results of logistic regression analyses to compare crude and adjusted ORs (COR and AOR) for the factors associated with hypertension according to guidelines

TraitsCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
JNC72017 ACC/AHAJNC72017 ACC/AHA
Age (in years)
18–29Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
30–494.4***(3.8 to 5.1)3.2***(2.9 to 3.5)3.6***(3.1 to 4.2)2.7***(2.4 to 3.0)
50–698.9***(7.6 to 10.3)4.4***(3.9 to 4.9)8.0***(6.8 to 9.6)3.9***(3.4 to 4.4)
≥7014.6***(12.0 to 17.8)5.4***(4.6 to 6.4)14.6***(11.7 to 18.2)5.2***(4.3 to 6.2)
Sex
Male1.6***(1.5 to 1.8)1.7***(1.6 to 1.8)1.5***(1.4 to 1.7)1.7***(1.6 to 1.9)
FemaleRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Overweight/obesity
Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Yes2.7***(2.5 to 3.0)3.1***(2.8 to 3.4)2.7***(2.4 to 3.0)3.0***(2.7 to 3.3)
Education
No formal educationRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Primary0.8***(0.7 to 0.9)0.9**(0.8 to 0.9)1.1(0.9 to 1.2)1.0(0.9 to 1.1)
Secondary0.5***(0.5 to 0.6)0.7***(0.6 to 0.7)1.0(0.9 to1.2)1.0(0.9 to 1.1)
College or higher0.4***(0.4 to 0.5)0.5***(0.5 to 0.6)1.0(0.8 to 1.2)0.9(0.8 to 1.1)
Household wealth status
PoorestRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Poorer1.1*(1.0 to 1.3)1.0(0.9 to 1.2)1.2(1.0 to 1.4)1.0(0.9 to 1.2)
Middle1.0(0.9 to 1.2)1.0(0.9 to 1.2)1.1(0.9 to 1.3)1.1(0.9 to 1.3)
Richer1.1*(1.0 to 1.3)1.0(0.9 to 1.2)1.1(0.9 to 1.4)1.0(0.9 to 1.2)
Richest1.7(1.4 to 2.0)1.4***(1.2 to 0.16)1.4**(1.1 to 1.7)1.1(0.9 to 1.3)
Place of residence
Urban1.2*(1.0 to 1.4)1.1(0.9 to 1.3)1.1(1.0 to 1.3)
RuralRef.Ref.Ref.
Provinces
Province 1Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Province 20.8*(0.6 to 1.0)0.8*(0.6 to 1.0)0.9(0.7 to 1.2)0.9(0.7 to 1.2)
Province 31.3*(1.0 to 1.7)1.4**(1.2 to 1.8)1.1(0.8 to 1.4)1.3(1.0 to 1.7)
Province 41.6***(1.3 to 2.0)1.7***(1.4 to 2.2)1.4*(1.1 to 1.8)1.5**(1.2 to 2.0)
Province 51.2*(0.9 to 1.5)1.3*(1.1 to 1.7)1.3*(1.0 to 1.7)1.5**(1.2 to 1.9)
Province 60.8*(0.6 to 1.0)0.9(0.7 to 1.1)1.0(0.7 to 1.3)1.0(0.8 to 1.4)
Province 70.7**(0.5 to 0.9)0.8(0.6 to 1.0)0.8(0.6 to 1.1)0.9(0.7 to 1.2)
Ecological region
MountainsRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Hills1.6**(1.2 to 2.1)1.2(0.9 to 1.7)1.6***(1.2–2.1)1.2(0.9 to 1.7)
The Terai1.2*(0.9 to 1.6)1.0(0.7 to 1.4)1.1(0.9–1.5)1.0(0.7 to 1.4)
Model fitness
AIC11 592.0116 070.33
  • Variables with p<0.2 from unadjusted model were included into multivariable analysis.

  • *P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001.

  • ACC/AHA, American College of Cardiology/ American Heart Association; ANC, antenatal care; JNC7, Joint National Committee 7.